Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
Global Carbon Project
What to study?
For Prelims: About Global Carbon Project.
For Mains: About Carbon cycle, increase in CO2, measures needed to control the pollution.
Observations made by the Global Carbon Project on India:
- India’s emissions in 2019 was likely to be only 1.8 per cent higher than in 2018.
- Weak economic growth in India has led to slower growth in oil and natural gas use.
- With a weakening economy, growth in India’s generation of electricity has slowed from 6 per cent per year to under 1 per cent in 2019, despite electrification of villages adding to potential demand.
- Moreover, the addition of a very wet monsoon led to very high hydropower generation and a decline in generation from coal.
About Global Carbon Project:
Formed in 2001 to help the international science community to establish a common, mutually agreed knowledge base that supports policy debate and action to slow the rate of increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
It is a Global Research Project of Future Earth and a research partner of the World Climate Research Programme.
It works collaboratively with the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, the World Climate Programme, the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change and Diversitas, under the Earth System Science Partnership.
Its projects include global budgets for three dominant greenhouse gases — CO2, methane, and nitrous oxide — and complementary efforts in urban, regional, cumulative, and negative emissions.
Sources: Indian Express.