Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
5) Pressure tactics and methods have become an integral part of the political process in India. In this light, critically examine the role played by caste based pressure groups in Indian politics? (250 words)
Indian polity by Lakshmikant.
Why this question:
Key demand of the question:
The question expects us to discuss the role played by NGOs and developmental institutions in women empowerment and gender sensitisation. First we need to highlight the women issues in India and thereafter explain how NGOs and international institutions can and are playing a huge role in tackling such challenges.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
Define what is a pressure group.
Discuss the impact of pressure groups in Indian politics in general. Like by means of ‘lobbying’, behind-the-schemes bargaining, propaganda and information and electoral support, persuasion and threats of violence, these groups make tremendous pressure on the government political process.
Define what is a caste based pressure group.
Discuss the various positive impacts like political empowerment, influencing policy decisions and so on
Discuss the negative impacts like Identity politics, communal violence, and so on
Give your view and discuss way forward.