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4) Realisation of the Minimum support scheme has been a mirage for farmers in India. Critically discuss in the light of the performance of PM-AASHA scheme.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation; Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices.

4) Realisation of the Minimum support scheme has been a mirage for farmers in India. Critically discuss in the light of the performance of PM-AASHA scheme.

The Hindu

Why this question:

Less than 3% of this season’s sanctioned amount of pulses and oilseeds have actually been procured so far under the once-hyped PM-AASHA scheme, Agriculture Ministry data show.

Key demand of the question:

One has discuss the limitations of MSP in India till date. Further, evaluate the objectives and performance of the PM-AASHA scheme.   

Directive:

Critically discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define MSP and talk about how PM-AASHA was introduced to ensure farmers of remunerative prices in light of falling income levels. Give a brief introduction of how the PM-AASHA scheme has performed – A total of 37.59 lakh metric tonnes of procurement had been sanctioned under the Centrally funded scheme. However, only 1.08 lakh tonnes have been procured so far, according to data placed in the Lok Sabha.

Body:

Discuss the limitations of MSP scheme in general till date.

Highlight the objectives of PM-AASHA scheme like

The PM-AASHA or Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan, was announced with great fanfare in September 2018, as an effort to ensure that farmers growing pulses, oilseeds and copra actually get the minimum support prices they are promised for their crops each year

Discuss how it has performed and the lacunae and limitations faced by the scheme.

Evaluate the success so far.

Provide measures needed to strengthen the realisation of PM-AASHA and MSP in general.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.