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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 December 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 December 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues.

1) Stringent laws and death penalty alone cannot reduce the violence against women. In the light of this, critically analyse the role men must play in addressing the problem of sexual violence against women.

The Hindu

The Hindu

Why this question:

The recent incident of woman veterinarian, who was raped and killed on November 27 has again raised the debate of death penalty for the rapists and women’s safety is once again in the news and back in the public consciousness.

Key demand of the question:

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the Alarming Figures of violence against women.

Body:

Explain what is violence against women

The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women issued by the UN General Assembly in 1993, defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”

Explain how there has been a huge hue and cry about more stringent laws, death penalty for rapists.

Discuss the associated concerns of poor implementation of law, lack of sensitivity and awareness to the female gender, strong patriarchy etc. still prevalent in the society.

Suggest other measures of sensitizing the male members, how community i.e. We the people—men as much as women—need to feel equally responsible.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Technology has enabled blind and visually-impaired people to access mainstream services but there is a definite need to comply with the accessibility guidelines issued in the interest of millions of such users. Discuss.

 

The Hindustan Times

Why this question:

Divyangs as the persons facing any disability are more aptly called, form an important segment of our population. 3rd December is International Day of Persons with Disabilities. With rise in the proliferation of Digital India, digital access for the Divyangs has highlighted the issue of inclusive growth in India . It is therefore important to analyze the issue.

Key demand of the question:

The questions wants us to discuss in detail how the Banks and technology developers either lack awareness about accessibility or do not consider visually-impaired people an integral part of their user base. The need to undertake Divyang-Friendly measures at planning stage for ensuring inclusive growth

Directive:

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly highlight the increasing digital connectivity in India across all the realms. Give the various scenarios where the Divyangs are facing difficulties in accessing Internet and its applications.

Body:

Discuss in detail the various challenges faced in the accessing technological platforms for basic living.

Explain that it is unarguable that for ”Sugamya Bharat” or “Accessible India” to become a reality, there is a need to focus not just on accessibility of the built environment but also on information accessibility for the differently abled.

Often the understanding of accessibility is misconstrued by limiting it only to the built physical environment. Forms of communication and information such as websites, apps, documents, television broadcasts, and the various other communication mediums and devices stay forgotten while discussing accessibility for the disabled.

Mention that the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 mandates that all public facilities and services including financial and banking services should be accessible to all.

Provide measures to overcome the digital inaccessibility and promote inclusiveness.

Conclusion:

Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation; Agriculture.

3) The Indian Telecom sector’s troubles of today are rooted in the fast-paced growth of yesterday and regulation that increased tele-density by pushing down average revenue per user. Discuss.

The Hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the challenges that are Indian telecom sector is facing.

Key demand of the question:

One has to detail upon the list of issues Indian telecom sector is facing and suggest what needs to be done.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction – quote facts on the current scenario.

Body:

Discussion should include the following:

Briefly talk about the evolution of telecom sector and how it has posed challenges for today.

Explain Challenges in Telecom Sector – Lack of fixed line penetration, High Right-of-Way (ROW) cost, spectrum allocation, corruption etc.

Explain what initiatives can be taken by the government in this direction to resolve the concerns.

Then move on to suggest solutions as to what can be done.

Conclusion:

The Prime Minister has rightly emphasised the role digital connectivity plays in society. A long-term vision plan should be made accordingly. For the time being, the government needs to provide an easy and soothing environment for telecom operators.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.

4) The success in our efforts to reach the 2030 target of an AIDS free India calls for resurrecting the combination of political will, professional skill and wide ranging pan-society partnerships. Comment.

The Hindu

Why this question:

Dec 1 is considered as the World AIDS day to spread awareness and curb the proliferation of AIDS. The article talks about the significance of combination of factors namely the political will, medical aid and communities in achieving the goal of AIDS free India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain what are the challenges in achieving the 90-90-90 target. The path towards the target has seen in its share of highs and lows; the reasons for the slowdown in the path. Finally talk about the scenario in India and measures needed to achieve the SDG 3.3

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief discuss the scenario of prevalence of AIDS in world and explain the 90-90-90 strategy in brief.

Body:

Give a brief stock-tacking of Where are we, at the end of 2019, on the road to the 2020 and 2030 targets?

Then discuss about the success achieved in AIDS control till now and Why is the concern now and what are the reasons for the slowdown in progress.

Finally, explain about the solutions as to how there has to be a fresh surge of high-level political commitment, financial support, health system thrust, public education, civil society engagement and advocacy by affected groups.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation; Agriculture.

5) The draft National Education Policy (NEP) recognizes the criticality of early childhood education. Discuss.

Deccan Herald

Why this question:

The question is about early childhood care and education in India. The draft National Education Policy 2019 wants early childhood education to be overseen and regulated by the HRD Ministry as part of the school system, rather than the private preschools and anganwadis. Thus it is important from exam point of view to analyse the ECCE conditions in India.

Key demand of the question:

The question expects us to evaluate the current conditions of ECCE scenario in India, what needs to be done with a special focus on the draft national education policy.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with brief introduction on what you understand by ECCE.

Body:

One can start by appreciating the key highlights of the draft education policy with focus on aspects of ECCE –

Right to Education Act to cover the three years of preschool before Class 1. Thus, all Indian children could soon enter the formal education system at the age of three.

Early childhood education should be overseen and regulated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) as part of the school system, rather than the private pre-schools and anganwadis that currently cater to the 3-to-6 years age group.

It suggests a new integrated curricular framework for 3 to 8-year olds with a flexible system based on play, activity and discovery, and beginning exposure to three languages from age 3 onwards.

A joint task force from Health, HRD and Women and Child Development (WCD) ministry will draft “a detailed plan outlining the operational and financial implications of the integration of early childhood education with the school education system”.

Suggest the importance of having a robust policy for ECCE.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

6) While radicalisation is the primary problem, lone-wolf terror attacks across globe points to security, intelligence and systemic failures. Examine. Suggest how India should prepare itself to avoid such attacks.

The Hindu

IDSA

Why this question:

The recent knife attack near London Bridge that killed two and injured three others is yet another reminder of the threat lone-wolf assaults pose to public security.

Key demand of the question:

One has to talk about the various reasons for increasing lone-wolf terror attacks and the measures needed to curb such attacks.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the lone-wolf attack in London. Also explain about the instances in India and world in the past.

Body:

Explain that a lone wolf attack is undertaken by a very small group or an individual in support of a larger cause, but without the overall supervision or support of a terrorist organisation.

Discuss the causes for rising lone-wolf terror attacks.

  • Radicalization of the youth- individuals who are influenced by either perceptions of injustice and persecution.
  • Lax gun controls in some places.
  • Failure of the intelligence of State
  • Other reasons.

Give measures to tackle such incidents in India like addressing the systemic issues — making policing more efficient; strengthening the intelligence network; state agencies need to work with civil society groups as well as community leaders and have deradicalisation programmes etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude about how there is no one-stop solution to terrorism and the need for global co-operation in fighting it.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Ethics in personal and professional  relationships

7) Discuss the role played by ethics in maintaining interpersonal relationship.

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the GS paper IV.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the role played by ethics in maintaining interpersonal relationship.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what are interpersonal relationships in short.

Body:

Explain that being ethical isn’t always easy, and to truly be a moral person, you have to try and be ethical in every aspect of life. One aspect in particular is interpersonal communication, or the direct exchange of information between two or more people.

Discuss the importance of interpersonal relationship and how ethics influences it using suitable illustrations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting importance of ethics.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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