Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR–RC)
What to study?
For Prelims and mains: Meaning, significance and the need for CBDR- RC.
Context: The Union Cabinet has approved India’s approach for the 25th Conference of Parties (COP) scheduled to be held in Spain.
India’s approach will be guided by principles and provisions of the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement particularly the principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capability (CBDR-RC).
What is CBDR- RC?
Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR–RC) is a principle within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
It acknowledges the different capabilities and differing responsibilities of individual countries in addressing climate change.
Reflecting CBDR-RC, the Convention divided countries into “Annex I” and “non-Annex I,” the former generally referring to developed countries and the latter to developing countries.
Under the Convention Annex I countries have a greater mitigation role than non Annex-I countries.
CBDR-RC and the annex classifications were codified in the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, and Annex I country emissions reductions were legally bound.