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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Discuss the contributions of celebrated Tamil poet and Philosopher Tiruvalluvar.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

There has been a growing tendency in the recent times in our society to appropriate the legacy of Tiruvalluvar for achieving narrow political

Gains. 

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the contributions of celebrated Tamil poet and Philosopher Tiruvalluvar.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce with description of Who was Tiruvalluvar.

Body:

Explain in detail about Tiruvalluvar; his works and contributions in terms of philosophy, poems etc. He is best known for his famous work Thirukkuṛaḷ. This work consists of couplets on ethics, political and economical

Matters and love. Thirukkural is a highly celebrated work in Tamil

Literature.

Conclusion:

Conclude that he was a poet above all labels; religion; and with no boundaries.


General Studies – 2


Topic:   Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Discuss briefly the laws that are in place to tackle illegal non-citizens in the country. Why was the Foreigners (Tribunals) Order, 1964 amended? Explain.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Home Minister’s announcement in the Rajya Sabha earlier this week that a National Register of Citizens (NRC) will be implemented across India, and repeated again in Assam, has ignited interest in the existing legal framework in India for illegal migrants.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the available laws in place to tackle illegal non-citizens and way forward. Also highlight why the Foreigners (Tribunals) Order, 1964 was amended.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the provisions available in the country to deal with illegal migrants.

Body:

The first enactment made for dealing with foreigners was the Foreigners Act, 1864, which provided for the expulsion of foreigners and their arrest, detention pending removal, and for a ban on their entry into India after removal.

Discuss the various available provisions like passport act, Foreigners Act, IMDT Act.

Discuss why Foreigners (Tribunals) Order, 1964 was amended.

Explain the concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

3) “The Attorney-General is the principal legal adviser and lawyer of the Government of India.” Elaborate.(250 words)

Indian polity by Laxmikanth

 

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of the GS paper II from polity section.

Key demand of the question:

One must elaborate on the roles and responsibilities of the Attorney-General of India.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The Constitution under Article 76 has provided for the office of the Attorney-General for India (AGI). He is appointed by the President and holds the office during the pleasure of the President. He must be a person who is qualified to be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court.

Body:

Discuss the duties and responsibilities of the AG.

Explain the significance of his constitutional position in the Indian polity. 

Take help of recent situations where he would have represented the GOI.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the post.


Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

4) What are quasi-judicial bodies? Explain with the help of tangible examples. (250 words)

 Indian polity by Laxmikanth

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of the GS paper II from polity section.

Key demand of the question:

Highlight the concept of quasi-judicial bodies; elaborate in detail their significance with suitable examples.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly define quasi-judicial bodies.

Body:

Explain the aspects such as – 

An authority is described as quasi-judicial when it has some attributes of judicial provisions but not all. 

It has powers analogous to that of the law imposing bodies but it is not a court. 

Quasi-judicial bodies have powers of imposing laws on administrative agencies, instead of supervising over all types of disputes like courts. Their activity is restricted to the issues that concern the particular administrative agency. 

Their powers are usually limited to a particular area of expertise, such as financial markets (SEBI), human rights (NHRC), market practices (Competition Commission of India) etc. Their action may be appealed to a court of law. 

They act as an alternative justice system to lessen the burden of the courts.

Quote suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) India has been successful in increasing access to school, but now the focus must shift to quality, assess the statement in the backdrop of ‘learning poverty’ and elaborate. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses World Bank’s efforts to address the issue of learning poverty.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the scenario of learning poverty in the country. And need to improve the quality condition of the education system in the country.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what learning poverty is.

Body:

More than half of all 10-year-olds in low- and middle-income countries cannot read and understand the basic books relevant to their age. This, often termed learning poverty, is a sign of the global learning crisis that stifles the opportunities and aspirations of hundreds of millions of children.

As the largest financier of education in low-and middle-income countries, the World Bank Group is working towards reducing the global level of learning poverty by 50 % by the year 2030.

State the Significance of improved reading ability.

Discuss the associated concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Explain how consumer spending surveys can aid gauge demand and growth trends in the economy? What will be the impact of withholding the current CES on policy making? Elucidate.(250 words) 

The hindu

 

Why this question:

Recently, the government announced that in view of “data quality issues” the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation had decided not to release the results of the all-India Household Consumer Expenditure Survey conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO) during 2017-2018.Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the significance of consumer spending surveys and their significance in policy making.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate What CES is.

Body:

The CES is traditionally a quinquennial (recurring every five years) survey conducted by the government’s National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) that is designed to collect information on the consumption spending patterns of households across the country, both urban and rural.

The data gathered in this exercise reveals the average expenditure on goods (food and non-food) and services and helps generate estimates of household Monthly Per Capita Consumer Expenditure (MPCE) as well as the distribution of households and persons over the MPCE classes. 

Explain its utility.

Discuss why the latest survey has become controversial.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Discuss the positive correlation between economic developments of a country with the level of ethics in governance system. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on ethics in governance.

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the positive correlation between economic developments of a country with the level of ethics in governance system.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what ethics in governance is.

Body:

Discuss the significance of economic development for a country first.

Then with suitable example explain in what way good ethical governance in the country can foster economic development and vice-versa.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of ethics in Governance. 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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