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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1) Critically Analyse the effect that implementation of National Rural Livelihoods Mission would have on transforming lives of women in the country. (250 words)

Financial express

Why this question:

The article explains how National Rural Livelihoods Mission can help in transforming women’s lives.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the aspects of National Rural Livelihoods Mission in general and explain the impact that it can have on the lives of the women in the country.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by highlighting that the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM), implemented by the ministry of rural development with financial support from the World Bank, promotes SHGs amongst poor rural women.

Body:

Explain the key features of the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM).

Highlight the issues and challenges associated with women livelihood in India.

Explain how the NRLM attempts to address these seemingly insurmountable challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the overall impact of the programme.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) With marketable surrogacy partaking much acceptance in India, it is obvious that, a ban would only push the industry underground. Critically analyse while discussing the issues associated with the Surrogacy Regulation Bill, 2019.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, has been referred to a select committee of the Upper House, after several MPs raised concerns over several provisions of the legislation, including making it mandatory for a surrogate to be a close relative.

Key demand of the question:

One must critically analyse the consequences of a blanket ban on the commercial surrogacy and the flaws that are witnessed in the Surrogacy Regulation Bill, 2019.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what surrogacy is and the context of commercial surrogacy in India.

Body:

First discuss the key features of the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019.

Present a detailed analysis of the same; The Bill defines surrogacy as a practice in which a woman gives birth to a child for an intending couple with the intention of handing over the child after birth to the intending couple. 

The Bill bans commercial surrogacy, but it does allow altruistic surrogacy. Altruistic surrogacy does not involve monetary compensation to the surrogate mother other than the medical expenses and insurance coverage during the course of the pregnancy. Commercial surrogacy is surrogacy or such related procedures undertaken for a monetary reward or benefit (in cash or in kind) apart from the basic medical expenses and insurance coverage etc.

Discuss the associated concerns.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the regulation tries to put an end to some of the problems related to surrogacy. However, concerns remain that due to these regulations a black market might be created of willing women who may not have received approval from any appropriate authority.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3) The legality and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their clienteles, the microfinance outfits, need systematic assessment and scrutiny for the sustained success of the concept. Discuss.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question aims to discuss the issues with SHGs and microfinance in the country and the need to reform the available mechanisms for their better performance.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the present status of the legality and accountability of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in the country and the need for reforms in this sector.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss the concept of self-help groups.

Body:

One must first discuss the significance that SHGs and micro finance units have in the country.

Explain the mechanisms that are currently regulating this sector.

Discuss the present issues with microfinance and SHGs.

Discuss the significance of legality and accountability required to refine the concept and its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4) Although in India, Governor of the state is Constitutional head like President he may have more rights, do you agree? Give reasons. (250 words)

 Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent controversies around the government formation in the State of Maharashtra and the role played by the Governor.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss and provide for a critical analysis as to in what way role of the Governor outweighs the role of president who is the head of the state.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the constitutional positions of the president and the Governor.

Body:

Explain with suitable examples in what way Governor of the state has more rights at times compared to the president.

Justify your stand with recent examples.

The question is straightforward and there isn’t much to deliberate.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact
assessment.

5) The importance of Indigenous traditional knowledge can be applied to urban environments for sustainable ecosystem and future building structures. Elucidate.(250 words) 

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article brings out a recent research that has investigated the jing kieng jri or living root bridges structures and proposed to integrate them in modern architecture around the world, and potentially help make cities more environment-friendly.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the significance that Indigenous traditional knowledge holds in ensuring sustainable ecosystem and future building structures.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the importance of traditional techniques, knowledge and practices.

Body:

Explain in detail with suitable examples across the country how traditional indigenous techniques can help and aid in forming a sustainable and viable ecosystem.

Take hints from the article and present the case of Meghalaya’s root bridges built by the local tribes and in what way they are an amusement of traditional knowledge and technique. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such knowledge.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

6) “Truth can be stated in a thousand different ways, yet each one can be true.” Elaborate on the relevance of the quote in the contemporary world of today.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is a quotation based one. 

Key demand of the question:

One must expand the meaning of the quotation first and explain with examples as to how it is relevant in the contemporary world.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly write the meaning of the quote. Mention that it is from Swami Vivekananda.

Body:

Explain how truth can be stated in different ways by quoting apt examples.

Elaborate the meaning and its relevance in present context with suitable examples.

Discuss that the relevance of the quote lies in the fact that we need to understand that the truth may have multiple faces. Difference of opinion may exist and each opinion must be embraced. We should try to understand others’ opinion and perspective. It helps us develop tolerance against difference in opinion, thereby promoting diversity, and a better understanding of social issues so as to find optimum solution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its significance.


Topic:  Probity in governance

7) What do you understand by probity in governance? Do you think lack of probity in governance is the weakest link in our quest for prosperity and equity? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is based on the concept of probity.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the concept of probity and present opinion about the statement and justify it with suitable examples.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the meaning of probity in governance.

Body:

First explain that Probity is the act of strict adherence to highest principles and ideals (integrity, good character, honesty, decency). It stands for extreme adherence to honesty in fiduciary and legal matters. It balances service to the community against the self-interest of individuals.

Explain your opinion about the statement and justify it with suitable examples.

Discuss the features of probity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with measures that can assure probity through policy making.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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