Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Chhattisgarh panchayats to have disabled quota
What to study?
For Prelims: About the amendments.
For Mains: Need for and significance, implications for other states.
Context: The Chhattisgarh Cabinet has approved an amendment to the State Panchayati Raj Act, 1993, which makes mandatory the presence of a person with disabilities in all panchayats across the state.
This will make it the only State to have such members in all panchayats.
- Every panchayat will now have differently abled members, either elected or nominated.
- If differently abled members are not elected through the electoral process, then one member, either male or female, would be nominated as a panch.
- And as for janpads and zilla panchayats, the State government would nominate two such members, one male and one female, to them.
Constitutional rights of the disabled:
Under the Constitution the disabled have been guaranteed the following fundamental rights:
- The Constitution secures to the citizens including the disabled, a right of justice, liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship, equality of status and of opportunity and for the promotion of fraternity.
- Article 15(1) enjoins on the Government not to discriminate against any citizen of India (including disabled) on the ground of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
- Article 15 (2) States that no citizen (including the disabled) shall be subjected to any disability, liability, restriction or condition on any of the above grounds in the matter of their access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment or in the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of government funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.
- There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens (including the disabled) in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State.
- No person including the disabled irrespective of his belonging can be treated as an untouchable. It would be an offence punishable in accordance with law as provided by Article 17 of the Constitution.
- Every person including the disabled has his life and liberty guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution.
Sources: the Hindu.