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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1) India’s fiasco to convert its victory of the 1971 war into a long-lasting peace in the region via the Shimla Agreement of 1972 is a case of missed opportunity. Examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

November 19, 2019 marked the 102nd birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Thirty-five years after her death, she continues to be regarded as the most courageous and decisive leader India has had. Her time in office was marked by epoch-making achievements, including the swift and successful prosecution of the war with Pakistan in 1971. 

Key demand of the question:

One must provide for a detailed analysis of the Shimla agreement of 1972 post war of 1971 and explain in what way it proved to be a missed opportunity.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss about the Shimla agreement.

Body:

Explain that the Agreement was the result of the resolve of both the countries to “put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations”. It conceived the steps to be taken for further normalization of mutual relations and it also laid down the principles that should govern their future relations.

Then move on to explain what the concerns around the agreement are.

Discuss why the agreement brought disadvantageous peace for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s failure to convert India’s victory in the 1971 war into a durable peace will continue to bear its consequences on India-Pakistan relations, one of them being India having to confront a nuclear Pakistan.

This should serve as a learning lesson for India in future relations with its neighbor.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2)  Present suitable arguments for and against ‘One Nation, One Election’ in India. (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

One Nation One Poll’ (or ‘One Country, One Election’) has been a pet idea of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, one that he has repeatedly pushed. Soon after being reelected in the summer, the government announced the setting up of a committee to examine the issue.

Key demand of the question:

One has to examine in what way “one nation, one election” will help Lok Sabha and state Assemblies.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Discuss first the notion of “One nation, One election”

Body:

Explain the current case.

Discuss how simultaneous elections will help Lok Sabha and state Assemblies.

Explain the merits and demerits of having such elections.

Weigh the issues and concerns around it.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3) What is parliamentary privilege? Are these parliamentary privileges defined under law? Discuss their significance. (250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of the GS paper II, from the subject of Indian polity.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss what parliamentary privileges are and their significance in the Indian polity.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what a parliamentary privilege is; Parliamentary privilege refers to rights and immunities enjoyed by Parliament as an institution and MPs in their individual capacity, without which they cannot discharge their functions as entrusted upon them by the Constitution.

Body:

Explain the concept in detail and its relevance.

According to the Constitution, the powers, privileges and immunities of Parliament and MP’s are to be defined by Parliament. No law has so far been enacted in this respect. In the absence of any such law, it continues to be governed by British Parliamentary conventions.

Discuss its importance with recent examples where the privileges have been breached.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the importance of it.


Topic:Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4) The goal of gender justice goes beyond the precincts of the courts. Analyse in the backdrop of recent Sabarimala controversy.(250 words)

Economictimes

 

Why this question:

The question is in the backdrop of the gender rights issue involved in the case of Sabarimala.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the case in detail and elaborate in what way the objective of gender justice goes beyond the boundaries of the court.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain first what Gender justice is.

Body:

First discuss what the objectives of gender justice are. Discuss that Gender justice seeks to achieve a life of dignity and freedom to women as a basic human right. It includes sharing of power and responsibility between women and men at home, in the workplace, and in the wider national and international communities.

Mention about steps taken by the judiciary to achieve gender justice.

Mention the limitations of judicial interventions and the need of reforms at the grassroots level for social transformation.

Present statistics to discuss the current case India, explain the issue of Sabarimala.

Conclusion:

Conclude with Need for social transformation for a just and equal society.


General Studies – 3


Topic:Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5) The depleting lake resources lead to not only disturbed hydrology but also loss of local ecology. Analyse with suitable examples. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article presents a detailed case study of deteriorating ecology at Sambhar Lake. 

Key demand of the question:

One must analyse the impact of deterioration of lakes and their effect on the ecology and hydrology.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the case of Sambhar lake.

Body:

Such answers are best explained with the use of a case study and in this question one can take hints from the article and discuss the case of Sambhar lake and highlight the issues concerning the local ecology and hydrology.

Highlight the need to prevent such depletion of resource, discuss the causative factors in detail and the effect of it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the problems.


Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

6) Effective counter-terrorism requires a more comprehensive strategy. It requires a constant process of evaluation and adjustment. Comment in the light of India’s “zero tolerance” policy on terrorism.(250 words) 

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses the role of Counter Terrorism programme, NATGRID which is a post Mumbai 26/11 attack measure. It highlights the Israeli model of comprehensive strategy.

Key demand of the question:

Explain India’s strategy for counter terrorism in detail.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The current government has declared a “zero tolerance” policy on terrorism. 

Body:

Present a brief background – India’s military responses in 2016 (surgical strikes) and 2019 (Balakot airstrikes) in the backdrop of terrorist attacks in Uri and Pulwama, were framed as attempts to impose costs on the Pakistani terrorist groups and their Army backers.

These responses mark a drastic change in India’s approach to counter-terrorism.

The present government has repeatedly declared that it will emulate Israel’s apparently successful strategy in responding to cross-border terrorism. 

Discuss the concerns associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Effective counter-terrorism requires a more comprehensive strategy. It requires a constant process of evaluation and adjustment – Israel does not have all the answers and relies on trial and error for different contexts.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) Explain Mahatma Gandhi’s model of Trusteeship. What significance does it hold in contemporary corporate governance? Explain.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

Mahatma Gandhi discussed corporate social responsibility (CSR) over several decades of the 20th century. His views are still influential in modern India. The question intends to evaluate the concept of trusteeship. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of trusteeship and relate it to CSR and examine its relevance in the contemporary world.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In a few introductory lines appreciate the concept. 

Body:

Trusteeship is Gandhi’s conceptualization of the contribution of business houses towards social well-being. Trusteeship is a theoretical construct seeking to redefine the relationship between indigenous business houses and the nationalist movement. That Gandhi succeeded in persuading the business men to participate in the freedom struggle, despite adverse consequences, suggests the extent to which Trusteeship was an effective mechanism in political mobilization.

Discuss its importance in today’s life. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of it and provide for ethical aspects associated with it.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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