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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Role of women, women empowerment

1) “In theory, India’s position on abortion is progressive. In practice, the law is flawed and punishes women”, to what extent do you think the statement is right in saying so about woman’s autonomy with respect to reproductive rights? Analyse.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article presents a detailed critical analysis of the MTP Act that ignores the socioeconomic implications of childbirth, placing women under intense physical, mental, and social duress.

Key demand of the question:

One must critically analyse the laws prevalent in the country that regulate abortions and in what way they are not clear on the reproductive rights of the women and what needs to be done.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the position of women with respect to reproductive rights in general in the Indian societal setup.

Body:

Explain why India’s progressive stance on abortion is not practical as it doesn’t allow women the autonomy to decide.

Discuss the features of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act and highlight the lack of objectivity in it; The Act treats MTP as a public health issue, focusing more on its impact on family planning and potential criminal proceedings against medical professionals, while ignoring women and their right to choose.

Discuss in detail the causative factors of lack of such rights to women.

Suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2) What is Delegated Legislation? Present the contradicting views about delegation of power to legislate while evaluating its pros and cons. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is based upon the concept of Delegated Legislation as applied to the Indian constitution.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the concept of Delegated Legislation in detail and evaluate the pros and cons of the same.

Directive:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgment about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by Delegated Legislation.

Body:

Detail upon the Meaning of delegated legislation – an act of entrusting a person with the power or empowering him to act on behalf of that person who has given him that power or to act as his agent or representative. ‘Delegated legislation’ means exercising of legislative power by an agent who is lower in rank to the Legislature, or who is subordinate to the Legislature.

Discuss the history of delegated legislation in India.

Highlight the Delegated legislation under the Constitution of India.

Explain the types and reasons for growth of delegated legislation.

Evaluate the pros and cons using suitable examples of recent times.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

3) Provide for a brief appraisal of the functions and the powers of the Parliament enshrined in the constitution.(250 words)

Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of GS paper II from the sections of Indian polity.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the the functions and the powers of the Parliament enshrined in the constitution.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight the Multifunctional role played by the Parliament.

Body:

The question is straight forward and there isn’t much to deliberate.

Discuss that The Constitution of India enumerates the powers and functions of the Indian Parliament in Chapter II of Part V of the constitution.

Discuss the law making powers, financial powers, amendment powers, and control over the executive, judicial functions, electoral functions etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the principle roles that Parliament of the country plays.


Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

4) Democracy is sustained by free and fair elections, and electoral bonds scheme was introduced to ensure the same. However the scheme has come under criticism many a times. In this context evaluate in what way Electoral Bonds can distort India’s Democracy. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had advised the government that the electoral bonds it proposed in 2017 would not solve the problem of unaccounted-for money since the donor’s identity will be never be known.

Key demand of the question:

Student must evaluate the pros and cons of  the electoral bonds scheme in detail and examine its relevance in ensuring free and fair elections.

Directive:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgment about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by stating that India is the largest democracy in the world and elections and political parties are a fundamental feature of its Parliamentary democracy.

Body:

  • Explain the growing Corruption in Elections of India.
  • Lavish expenditure in the elections is one of the most critical problems in India’s electoral system. According to the Report of the National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (NCRWC) high cost of elections creates a high degree of compulsion for corruption in the public arena.
  • Discuss the existing provisions checking and restricting donations.
  • Explain the concept underlying Electoral Bond Scheme.
  • Examine what makes them controversial, discuss the pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude that unless drastic and radical steps are taken to cleanse public offices by the government, political parties and people at large, corruption will continue to corrode the vitals of the country.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Educated mothers are the best nutritional interventions to cure the problems of stunting and wasting among children. Comment. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article brings out the highlights of the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CNNS) report, brought out recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Key demand of the question:

The question pertains to ascertain the significance of Educated mothers in curing the problems of nutrition among children.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief bring out the current status of nutrition among children in India as highlighted by the recent survey.

Body:

First discuss the role of educated mothers – Stunting among children less than four years came down from 46% to 19%, a whopping 27% points decline, when maternal education went up from illiteracy/no schooling to 12 years of schooling completed. This phenomenal decline was also true for the number of underweight children.

Explain the significance of education among mothers and their impact on the nutritional aspect of children.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the education of parents, especially females, in the rural and semi-urban areas should be promoted and given due importance. The focus of all these programs should be the mother in terms of security, employment, literacy, justice, healthcare, food, shelter, and social equality.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code should be the preferred option for resolution of bad loans, not the last resort. Debate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article provides for a detailed analysis of the recent Supreme Court’s verdict in the ArcelorMittal and Essar steel case.

Key demand of the question:

One has to examine the utility of IBC, and explain in what way it is the preferred option for resolution of bad loans, however not the last resort.

Directive:

Debate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the provisions of IBC and bring out the gist of recent SC’s verdict and its impact.

Body:

Explain that the IBC, 2016 is the bankruptcy law of India which seeks to consolidate the existing framework by creating a single law for insolvency and bankruptcy. The insolvency and bankruptcy code is often hailed as a significant reform in the Indian context for resolving insolvencies which previously was a long process that did not offer an economically viable arrangement.

The code aims to protect the interests of small investors and make the process of doing business less cumbersome. Though there have been a few positive results in its short history given that the recovery rates have improved considerably compared to the time period before its implementation, there is still scope for improving the recovery percentages. 

Comment on the observations made by the court.

Take hints from the article and weigh the pros and cons of the code.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Right to Information.

7) The recent judgment of the Supreme Court that brings the office of Chief Justice of India under the realm of the Right to Information Act will boost the people’s pursuit for transparency and accountability. Elucidate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Recently, the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court of India (SC) ruled that the office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) would come under the ambit of the Right to Information Act, 2005 (RTI Act), as CJI is a public authority under the RTI Act. 

Key demand of the question:

One explain in what way coming of CJI in the ambit of RTI is going to ensure more faith and trust among the people in the aspects of transparency and accountability.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the significance of the verdict. 

Body:

Highlight the importance of RTI in general.

Discuss that the judgment opens the doors for enhanced transparency in the judiciary as earlier higher judiciary in India has been criticized for its opaqueness under the doctrine of judicial independence. 

Explain the possible challenges involved in bringing judiciary under RTI.

Conclusion:

Conclude that RTI Act is a strong weapon that enhances accountability, citizen activism and, consequently, participative democracy. In this context, the judgment can give a fillip to people’s quest for transparency and accountability.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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