Topic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
4) Democracy is sustained by free and fair elections, and electoral bonds scheme was introduced to ensure the same. However the scheme has come under criticism many a times. In this context evaluate in what way Electoral Bonds can distort India’s Democracy. (250 words)
Why this question:
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had advised the government that the electoral bonds it proposed in 2017 would not solve the problem of unaccounted-for money since the donor’s identity will be never be known.
Key demand of the question:
Student must evaluate the pros and cons of the electoral bonds scheme in detail and examine its relevance in ensuring free and fair elections.
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgment about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences. You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.
Structure of the answer:
Start by stating that India is the largest democracy in the world and elections and political parties are a fundamental feature of its Parliamentary democracy.
- Explain the growing Corruption in Elections of India.
- Lavish expenditure in the elections is one of the most critical problems in India’s electoral system. According to the Report of the National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (NCRWC) high cost of elections creates a high degree of compulsion for corruption in the public arena.
- Discuss the existing provisions checking and restricting donations.
- Explain the concept underlying Electoral Bond Scheme.
- Examine what makes them controversial, discuss the pros and cons.
Conclude that unless drastic and radical steps are taken to cleanse public offices by the government, political parties and people at large, corruption will continue to corrode the vitals of the country.