Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 19  November 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian society.

1) ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ has been the guiding light for Indian family system. Comment.(250 words)

Pib

Why this question:

The Vice President, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu said at the International Conference of Global Mothers2019 that ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbkam’ has been the guiding light for the Indian family system since time immemorial and our ethos and socio-cultural fabric are woven around this perceptive phrase.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the philosophy of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ and its relevance to the Indian society.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the theory behind’ Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’.

Body:

Discuss the concept of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ first.

Explain that Indian family system discourages individualism and encourages collectivism. India has grown and attained its current stature under the strong and supportive framework of its joint family system. A strong family system can be the best possible solution to overcome several crippling social evils.

Also explain that with the advent of urbanization and modernization, even in India, joint families are being fragmented. But the principle of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam still is a guiding beacon for our society. 

Conclusion:

Conclude that Change is inevitable. Whatever the family system be, the core values that sustained and nourished Indian families for centuries together must never be compromised.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

2) What is separation of powers in the Constitution? Discuss the concept of checks and balances reflected in Indian Polity.(250 words)

 Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is from static portions of GS paper II.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the concept of separation of powers as enshrined in our constitution and explain in detail the philosophy of checks and balances.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by separation of powers. 

Body:

Explain separation of powers, then discuss checks and balances It is a system by which no organ of the government abuses its own power. Checks and balances ensure that one organ does not become all too-powerful.

Discuss how it is different from the western notion of separation of power.

Highlight the significance using examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the importance of these concepts in the Indian constitution.


Topic: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

3) Discuss the significance of Lok Adalats as an effective dispute resolution institution in present scenario. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question pertains to evaluate the role played by Lok Adalats in proving to be an effective dispute resolution mechanism.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the meaning of dispute resolution and the possible methods and procedures available in the country and then explain the role played by the Lok Adalats.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define briefly what dispute resolution is.

Body:

Explain the origin, jurisdiction, nature of Lok Adalats.

Highlight that the concept of Lok Adalat (People’s Court) is an innovative Indian contribution to the world jurisprudence. The introduction of Lok Adalats added a new chapter to the justice dispensation system of this country and succeeded in providing a supplementary forum to the victims for a satisfactory settlement of their disputes. This system is based on Gandhian principles.

Conclusion:

Conclude with powers and advantages of such institutions in dispute redressal.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4) Elucidate upon the key areas of cooperation between India and Sri Lanka while commenting on the significance of the relations between the two countries upon the South Asian region at large.(250 words)

The hindubusinessline

Why this question:

The recent Gotabaya’s victory in the presidential elections, where the minority communities in the north and the east of the island voted in unison against him, was a decisive verdict from the over 70 per cent Sinhala majority in the country. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Highlight the relations between India and Sri Lanka and the significance of the same to the South Asian region.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short trace the relations of India and Sri Lanka from past to present.

Body:

Explain the importance of each other to the neighboring countries; India and Sri-Lanka. 

Bring out the relevance key areas of cooperation between India and Sri Lanka.

Highlight the role that the two countries have to play together in the South Asian region.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Evaluate the adverse effects of junk food on human health and discuss the significant role of institutions and the government in drafting Laws for Junk Food Regulation.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question:

Draft regulations have been released by the FSSAI (The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) known as the Food Safety and Standards (Safe food and healthy diets for school children) Regulation, 2019. This has been drafted to ensure that children acclimatize and adapt healthy eating as a part of their daily habit. 

Key demand of the question:

The question is in the backdrop of Food Safety and Standards (Safe food and healthy diets for school children) Regulation, 2019. And the status of health of children in the country owing to increased consumption of Junk food.

Directive:

EvaluateWhen you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgment about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what junk food is.

Body:

A food is classified as junk if it doesn’t offer any or has very little nutritional benefits and is generally high in sugar or fat. The junk foods are also observed to be very low in fibre and very high in calories. 

Then move on to explain the adverse effects of junk food on human health.

Discuss the prevailing laws to regulate the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting what should be the way forward.


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

6) Articulation of vision of multilateralism comes at an important time at BRICS for India. Analyse the significance of BRICS for India at the current juncture of its economy.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

A summit of the world’s five biggest emerging economies, now in its 11th year, called BRICS recently began in Brazil’s capital with the theme this year being strengthening economic growth.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the importance of multilateralism with BRICS as a key example and the significance of it for Indian economy.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the background of the question.

Body:

Explain first why this summit is significant; Slowdown in the global GDP growth; trading arrangements in disarray; questions over the relevance of the World Trade Organization (WTO) etc.

Discuss that India and China have buoyed the grouping with their growth, and even though the idea behind BRICS has been dimmed by sluggish growth in

Brazil and South Africa, and Russia’s sanction-laden slowdown, the group has adapted to the times and proven its resilience.

Suggest that It is greater connectivity and more trade that will allow the BRICS countries to claim their rightful space, and provide the leadership and energy that the global economic order needs urgently.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it to India.


General Studies – 3


Topic:   Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

7) To what extent do you think Social media has reshaped caste mobilisation tendencies among people? And if so, in what possible ways? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The advent of social media has heralded a new era in public discourse. Popular social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter have allowed the forging of new networks among like-minded people, and changed the contours of public debate and socio-political mobilisation.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss how social media has reshaped caste imagination and mobilisation in the country.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss social media, its key aspects.

Body:

First trace the mobilisation of caste historically in the absence of social media.

Then discuss the impact social media has shed upon the caste mobilisation factor.

Discuss both pros and cons.

Explain with examples how it is evident that the trends of mobilisation are changing with the influence of social media.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to regulate social media with respect to caste mobilisation factor in a positive direction.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.