- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
President of Sri Lanka- Election process
What to study?
For Prelims and mains: Election, eligibility and procedure.
Context: Sri Lanka’s former wartime defence chief Gotabaya Rajapaksa, part of the country’s most powerful political dynasty, has been elected president.
The government structure:
Sri Lanka’s government operates under a semi-presidential system, where the president holds widespread executive authority but governs in partnership with a prime minister they appoint and a cabinet recommended by the prime minister.
Election of the President:
The president is directly elected for a five-year term, through a version of Instant-runoff voting in which electors rank up to three candidates, and limited to only two rounds in total.
If no candidate wins a majority in the first round of voting, second and third preferences from ballots whose first preference candidate has been eliminated are used to determine the winner.
The Constitution sets the following qualifications for holding the presidency:
- If he/she is a citizen having been nominated as a candidate for such office by a recognized political party or elected member of the legislature.
- No person who has been twice elected to the office of President by the People, shall be qualified thereafter to be elected to such office by the People.