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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  communalism

1) Is communalism the biggest threat to the National unity? Explain with examples.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

The question is based upon the concept of communalism and its impact on the Indian society. One must analyse in what way it is the biggest threat to the national unity.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of communalism in detail and explain in what way it is the biggest threat to the national unity.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the concept of communalism in the Indian context.

Body:

Communalism is referred in the western world as a “theory or system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are loosely in federation”. Communalism is a political philosophy, which proposes that market and money be abolished and that land and enterprises to be placed in the custody of community. But in the Indian sub-continent context, communalism has come to be associated with tensions and clashes between different religious communities in various regions. 

Discuss some recent incidents that prove that it is a threat to the national unity.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

2) Examine the position of data protection law in the country? After the recent WhatsApp breach, what should be the way forward? Comment. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses the recent incidents of data breaches and the compromised cyber security.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the position of data protection law in the country and suggest way forward.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the security aspect of the country.

Body:

Explain in detail the data protection scenario of the country. Explain the legal routes to surveillance that can be conducted by the government. 

Discuss the laws governing this.

Explain the laws regarding legal surveillance.

Discuss the Supreme Court verdict on privacy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges.

3) Discuss the constitutional status of Rajya Sabha with respect to Lok Sabha. (250 words)

 Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of the polity for GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the constitutional status of Rajya Sabha with respect to Lok Sabha.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

constitutional status of Rajya Sabha w.r.t Lok Sabha to be discussed in three heads – 

    • Where Rajya Sabha is equals to Lok Sabha
    • Where Rajya Sabha is unequal to Lok Sabha 
    • Special powers of Rajya Sabha which are not shared with Lok Sabha  

Body:

Discuss all the headings in sequential manner by discussing the provisions in the constitution in brief.

Highlight the features in detail of both the houses.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance of Rajya Sabha. Example, it promotes the doctrine of checks and balances and scrutinizes hasty decisions of the Lok Sabha.


Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges

4) The Citizenship (Amendment) the Bill intends to make it easier for non-Muslim immigrants from India’s three Muslim-majority neighbours to become citizens of India. Comment on the utility of the bill and the furore around it.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The government intends to introduce The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill in Parliament’s Winter Session that commences on Monday and is scheduled to continue until December 13. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the features of The Citizenship (Amendment) the Bill in detail and discuss its utility and the furore around it.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Briefly state the nuances of the Bill.

Body:

Explain what the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill is.

Trace the chronology of events around the bill.

With the 16th Lok Sabha nearing the end of its term, the government was racing against time to introduce it in Rajya Sabha.

However, massive protests against the Bill in the Northeast acted to restrain the government, and Rajya Sabha adjourned sine die on February 13, 2019, without the Bill being tabled. The Bill is now likely to be introduced afresh in the Winter Session. It will have to be passed by both Houses in order to become a law.

Explain the controversy around the Bill.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the possible way ahead to waddle through the situation.


Topic:   Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

5) With the economic centre of gravity shifting to states, India’s growth hinges on cooperative federalism. Elucidate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is based on the cooperative federalism.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the current scenario of the Indian economy and why cooperative federalism is the key to this problem.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define cooperative federalism.

Body:

First provide facts for the current economic conditions in the country.

Explain in detail the cooperative federalism.

Take hints from the article and explain in what way the federalism can prove to be a solution.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India’s prospects, including our aspiration for a $5 trillion economy, depend on the Centre and the states working together.


Topic:  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

6) The Inter-State River Water Disputes are one of the most contiguous issues in the Indian federalism today, discuss. Also explain if it’s time for a new mechanism rather than tribunals.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses the river water dispute across the states in the context of Mahadhayi. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the Inter-State River Water dispute and the concerns around it. Suggest the mechanisms that can be found around it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the background of the issue.

Body:

Explain in detail the current dispute between the states of Goa and Karnataka.

Discuss the present mechanisms for dispute resolution present in the Indian scenario.

Suggest what the possible ways to resolve the issue are.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

7) The recently passed Code of wages, 2019 is a welcome progress. Discuss the main aspects of the code and the significance of the code.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Public consultations over the rules for the Code on Wages, 2019 have begun recently. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the details of code of wages 2019 and the significance. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the background of the question.

Body:

Discuss the detailed features of the bill.

The Code acknowledges that the aim in setting the floor wage is to ensure “minimum living standards” for workers and the draft rules incorporate criteria declared in a landmark judgment of the Supreme Court in 1992.

Highlight the significance of the bill.

What are the provisions and possible concerns ahead?

Conclusion:

Conclude with its impact on the overall economy.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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