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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15  November 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Therein.

1) President rule in a state cannot be imposed on a political fancy but on an objective material. Examine the statement in the light of S.R. Bommai Case. (250 words)

The hindu

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent application of president’s rule across various states of the country.

Key demand of the question:

One must elaborate on the objectivity quotient that is often claimed while proclaiming president’s rule. Also elucidate upon the judgment of S.R. Bommai Case.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first explain the recent incidents of president’s rule.

Body:

Explain about S.R. Bommai case verdict President’s rule. 

Discuss the need for objectivity in imposing president’s rule in the state.

Add a brief note on the recommendations given by various commission

Commission.

Conclusion:

Give a futuristic way forward for the same.


Topic:Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. Therein.

2) Discuss the Salient features of Indian Constitution. How Indian secularism is different from the concept of western secularism. Discuss. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Laxmikanth

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper II.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the Salient features of Indian Constitution in detail and explain how Indian secularism is different from the concept of western secularism.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction like ‘Though borrowed from almost every constitution in the world, Indian constitution is unique in its contents and spirit and have several salient features’.

Body:

Briefly discuss in points various features of Indian Constitution like length, sources, blend of rigidity and flexibility, quasi federal nature, synthesis of parliamentary sovereignty and judicial supremacy, Integrated yet independent judiciary, single citizenship etc. 

In second half of the question brings out the differences between Indian concept of secularism and western concept of secularism. 

Conclusion:

India’s unique model of secularism has so far been a successful model which is evident from the sustained harmonious coexistence of almost all religions of the world in the country for centuries.


Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3) Explain how Guru Nanak’s langar is helping UN achieve its ‘zero hunger’ goal. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the second one — ‘zero hunger’ — aims to end extreme hunger and malnutrition, especially among children, by 2030. The article captures the role that the principle of ‘Langar’ can play in eliminating hunger issue in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the concept of Langar propounded by Guru Nanak and in what way it can aid in achieving zero hunger goals of SDGs.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short highlight how Guru Nanak’s ‘langar’ is contributing to achieving this goal and reducing malnutrition in African countries, bringing down ‘preventable children deaths’.

Body:

Explain what ‘Langar’ is – Langar refers to a system of developing a community kitchen, where people irrespective of their caste, religion and social status sit together on the floor and have food.

Discuss the link between Guru Nanak and langar.

Explain the relevance of it to UN’s ‘Zero Hunger’ goal.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) There is urgency to develop and implement multi-sectorial strategies to combat the growing epidemic of prevalence of Diabetes. Provide for a detailed analysis. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses high prevalence of Diabetes in India on the occasion of world Diabetes day.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the alarming health epidemic of Diabetes that India is facing. And what steps are to be taken to overcome the issue and put a control on the rising numbers. 

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

The ninth edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas offers projections that continue to put India at the second slot right up to 2045. And the numbers are staggering just over 134 million Indians will be diabetics in the next 25 years.

Body:

Narrate the context of question with suitable facts first.

Explain the causative factors that have led to such a health state in the country. 

Discuss what needs to be done?

Suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Diabetes, being a lifestyle disorder with multidimensional causative factors, definitely needs a multidimensional approach.


Topic:  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

5) Finance Commission is tasked with distribution of tax proceeds between Union and states. Recent amendments threaten to subvert it, do you agree? Critically analyse with suitable justifications.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The question is in the light of recent amendments that were made to the process of distribution of tax proceeds by the Finance commission.

Key demand of the question:

Critically analyse the recent amendments that were made in this context and provide for their effect in distribution of tax proceeds.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the role of finance commission.

Body:

Explain the recent amendments made to the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the 15th Finance Commission (FFC)

The first requires the FFC to examine “whether a separate mechanism for funding of defence and internal security ought to be set up and if so, how such a mechanism should be operationalized”.

Take hints from the article and explain.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

6) Will and wisdom of Parliament to bring judiciary into the realm of accountability legislation through RTI is a welcome step. Comment. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The question pertains to discuss the widening of ambit of RTI and including CJI’s office in it.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of this move and its implications.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the ambit of RTI so far. 

Body:

Explain in what way the Supreme Court’s order on the RTI will make the judiciary accountable, within certain boundaries.

Discuss that the Supreme Court verdict bringing the office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) under the ambit of the Right to Information Act (RTI) has been widely welcomed.

Discuss the pros and cons of the judgment. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) Discuss in detail Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas on Secularism.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article explains that Secularism in India is facing a stiff challenge from rising majoritarian ideology. Gandhian concept of communal harmony can help us in facing such a challenge.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the significance of Gandhian concept of secularism in detail and its relevance in today’s age.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what secularism is.

Body:

Discuss the concept of Secularism in India: In India, secularism a state that is neutral to all religious groups (unlike other democracies which maintain strict separation between state and religion). It is also one of the basic features of our constitution.

Explain that however, the rising majoritarian ideology in the society and in the government is harming the secular credentials of our country.

Example: Hate speeches; political leaders of some parties involving themselves in communal riots etc.

Discuss the Gandhian ideology.

Conclusion:

Conclude that secularism should not just be a word in the constitution but rather a core principle which moves us towards the future; only then can we realize the conception of Ramrajya that Gandhi envisioned.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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