Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
7) Discuss in detail Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas on Secularism.(250 words)
Why this question:
The article explains that Secularism in India is facing a stiff challenge from rising majoritarian ideology. Gandhian concept of communal harmony can help us in facing such a challenge.
Key demand of the question:
Explain the significance of Gandhian concept of secularism in detail and its relevance in today’s age.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Explain what secularism is.
Discuss the concept of Secularism in India: In India, secularism a state that is neutral to all religious groups (unlike other democracies which maintain strict separation between state and religion). It is also one of the basic features of our constitution.
Explain that however, the rising majoritarian ideology in the society and in the government is harming the secular credentials of our country.
Example: Hate speeches; political leaders of some parties involving themselves in communal riots etc.
Discuss the Gandhian ideology.
Conclude that secularism should not just be a word in the constitution but rather a core principle which moves us towards the future; only then can we realize the conception of Ramrajya that Gandhi envisioned.