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Jal Jeevan Mission

Topics Covered:

  1. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

 

Jal Jeevan Mission

 

What to study?

For Prelims: Key features of the mission.

For Mains: challenges and concerns in water conservation, ways to address them.

 

Context: The Union Minister for Water Resources recently reviewed the performance of Jal Jeevan Mission in the southern states.

 

About Jal Jeevan Mission:

The Mission was announced in August 2019.

The chief objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural and urban households by 2024.

It also aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse in agriculture.

  • The Jal Jeevan Mission is set to be based on various water conservation efforts like point recharge, desilting of minor irrigation tanks, use of greywater for agriculture and source sustainability.
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.

 

Need for and significance of the mission:

India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources. Depleting groundwater level, overexploitation and deteriorating water quality, climate change, etc. are major challenges to provide potable drinking water.

It is an urgent requirement of water conservation in the country because of the decreasing amount of groundwater level. Therefore, the Jal Jeevan Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply management of water at the local level.

 

Sources: Pib.

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