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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and
Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Discuss the values and teaching of Guru Nanak and elaborate upon their relevance in the context of present social changes.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Today being 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the article highlights in what way his teachings are more relevant than ever and how they provide for a road way to a better future.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the values and teaching of Guru Nanak and elaborate upon their relevance in the context of present social changes.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first discuss in short the facts related to Guru Nanak; Born in 1469 in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, He advocated Nirguna bhakti, He firmly repudiated practices of religions around him like sacrifices, ritual baths, idol worship, austerities, and scriptures of both Hindus and Muslims etc.

Body:

Explain in detail the philosophies propounded by him.

  • He took the god as formless which has now gender and proposed a simple way to connect to him by just remembering and repeating his name.
  • He set up rules for congregational worship (sangat) involving collective recitation.
  • He appointed Angad to succeed him as the Guru.
  • He never wished to establish new religion, but after his death his followers consolidated his practices and distinguished from both Hindus and Muslims by calling themselves ‘Sikhs’.

Then discuss that his teaching hold great value today in overcoming caste and religious discrimination, intolerance of other views, corruption, addiction of alcohol and drugs, clash of civilizations, terrorism and other social evils.

Conclusion:

Conclude that in a world that is increasingly fragmented with a narrow, tunnel vision, bigotry and dogmatism, we have to walk on the path shown to us by Nanak and other illustrious gurus to dispel the darkness that constantly threatens to envelop individuals, communities and nations.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provision.

2) What do you understand by Judicial Review? Discuss the provisions in the Constitution that confers the power of Judicial Review. Do you agree that the scope of Judicial Review in India is much wider than it is in United States?(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question aims to ascertain the concept of Judicial review.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the concept of JR in detail as provisioned in the constitution of India and in what way it is different from that of the US.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining your understanding about Judicial Review like the doctrine of judicial review originated and developed in the USA. It was propounded for the first time in the famous case of Marbury V. Madison.

Body:

Define what Judicial review in Indian constitution means; Judicial review is the power of the judiciary to examine the constitutionality of legislative enactments and executive orders of both the Central and State governments.

Then directly discuss the provisions in the constitution that confers the power of Judicial Review to Supreme Court and High Court.

In the next paragraph differentiate the scope of Judicial Review between US and India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the significance of JR.


Topic: Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provision.

 3) Do you think Indian President is merely a Rubber Stamp? Critically Examine. (250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikanth

Why this question:

The question aims to critically analyse the powers of the president.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain with suitable justifications as to how powers of president in India have merely remained as a rubber stamp.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Though, the President is the head of the Indian State and is the first citizen of India, he is bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers under Article 74.

Body:

The question is of analytical variant, where one has to give both sides of the statement, that is, in what way the president of the country is a mere Rubber stamp and how he is not too.

Discuss how he is just a rubber stamp. He is the nominal head of the government but the real power lies with the Prime Minister. Discuss article 53, 74, 75 etc. use suitable examples of recent incidents from which it is evident that he is a mere rubber stamp.

Explain otherwise if any incidents exist to prove; situations where President has powers and does not act as a rubber stamp. For Example -Veto powers of president like pocket veto, suspensive veto etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by highlighting the importance of President in Indian Parliamentary system.


Topic:Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

4) Discuss the significant role played by T N Seshan in establishing progressive and autonomous election commission machinery in the country.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article is in the backdrop of Death of former Chief Election Commissioner T N Seshan who played a key role in reforming election system in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss in detail the significant role played by T N Seshan.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain about T N Seshan – best remembered as the man who cleaned up elections in India.

Body:

Explain the following facts and aspects – 

  • Mr. Seshan was the only one to hold the post of CEC for six years from 1990 to 1996 in the last 50 years.
  • It was during Mr. Seshan’s period that the Commission was made a multi-member body in October 1993.
  • In the mid-1990s, Mr. Seshan was seen as a crusader against corruption and electoral malpractices. His work was recognized internationally when he was given the Ramon Magsaysay Award for 1996 for exemplary work in government service.
  • Discuss his major achievements in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude that he played an important role in establishing progressive and autonomous election commission machinery. Despite facing a volley of criticism that he was exceeding his powers, Mr. Seshan had demonstrated to the outside world that the post of the CEC was no pushover.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Rising political discourse over the issues of nationalism and national security have pushed other vital issues such as health, education and the environment to the background. Critically analyse the statement with suitable justifications.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article weighs the pros and cons of national security being at the centre of developmental agenda and the cost that it imposes upon other factors of development such as in the issues of health, education and the environment.

Key demand of the question:

One must use hints from the article and explain with examples in what way everything else goes at the altar of national security.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate why the concept of national security is often emotive in nature.

Body:

Explain that nationalism, religious identity, terrorism, national security; and so on have a heightened priority in the country to such an extent that it catastrophically pushes under the carpet the most vital issues of development: health, education and the environment.

Use suitable examples; the 2019 elections had the focus around Pulwama, Balakot and Pakistan terror attacks.

Even after the Lok Sabha elections, the discourse on national security has only hardened with the National Register of Citizens (NRC), Kashmir (note: not the plight of Kashmiris), Article 370, and Pakistan (still) dominating the news space.

Conclusion:

Conclude that it’s high time for the development agenda to shift its focus to key parameters of development such as health, education and the environment.


General Studies – 3


Topic Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. . Disaster and disaster management.

6) What is eco-anxiety? Discuss the causative factors of it and suggest solutions to overcome the same. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article explains the new concept of eco-anxiety in detail.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what do you understand by eco-anxiety, what are its causative factors and in what way can it be overcome. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what eco-anxiety is; The feeling of being overwhelmed by the challenges of climate change and the fear about the state of the environment. 

Body:

Discuss the concept in detail – eco-anxiety is the helplessness that makes us see ourselves as just one insignificant entity on the planet, unable to reverse the crisis. It is also the sense that no matter how hard we work, nothing will ever be enough.

One can use the case study of air pollution menace that the capital Delhi is facing and causing anxiety among people and making them insecure.

Suggest what needs to be done and how can one overcome this anxiety.

Conclusion:

Conclude that making climate change an integral and crucial factor in our lifestyle habits and consumption patterns can prove to be a key to the problem.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections, leadership.

7) Self-doubt can help and hinder leadership, discuss with suitable examples.(250 words)

 Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Why this question:

The question is based upon the significance of qualities of leadership of an individual.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the impact of self-doubt on the leadership abilities of an individual.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by self-doubt; the process by which one questions oneself or analyses second thoughts about his/her decisions.

Body:

Describe the essence of leadership, what are its key features.

Then move on to discuss in what way leadership is at times augmented by the quality of self-doubt; acts as an instrument of course correction (Quote examples to justify better).

Then explain the other side of it. Explain how self-doubt can hinder leadership abilities of an individual.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of leadership and importance of self-doubt to it.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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