Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and
Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1) Discuss the values and teaching of Guru Nanak and elaborate upon their relevance in the context of present social changes.(250 words)
Why this question:
Today being 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak, the article highlights in what way his teachings are more relevant than ever and how they provide for a road way to a better future.
Key demand of the question:
One must bring out the values and teaching of Guru Nanak and elaborate upon their relevance in the context of present social changes.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In first discuss in short the facts related to Guru Nanak; Born in 1469 in Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, He advocated Nirguna bhakti, He firmly repudiated practices of religions around him like sacrifices, ritual baths, idol worship, austerities, and scriptures of both Hindus and Muslims etc.
Explain in detail the philosophies propounded by him.
- He took the god as formless which has now gender and proposed a simple way to connect to him by just remembering and repeating his name.
- He set up rules for congregational worship (sangat) involving collective recitation.
- He appointed Angad to succeed him as the Guru.
- He never wished to establish new religion, but after his death his followers consolidated his practices and distinguished from both Hindus and Muslims by calling themselves ‘Sikhs’.
Then discuss that his teaching hold great value today in overcoming caste and religious discrimination, intolerance of other views, corruption, addiction of alcohol and drugs, clash of civilizations, terrorism and other social evils.
Conclude that in a world that is increasingly fragmented with a narrow, tunnel vision, bigotry and dogmatism, we have to walk on the path shown to us by Nanak and other illustrious gurus to dispel the darkness that constantly threatens to envelop individuals, communities and nations.