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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 07  November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

 1) Do you think marriage as a social institution is losing its relevance in the society? Critically analyze.(250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

The question is based on the topic from sociology subject of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

One must analyse in detail the concept of marriage as a social institution and in what way its losing its relevance owing to different factors.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First define what Marriage is. How is it a social institution?

Body:

Explain in detail the functions of marriage then analyze how many of the functions are getting replaced by rise of other institutions and attitudinal changes.

Discuss the sanctity surrounding marriage and the belief in the system has not gone out.

Provide for factors responsible for deterioration of marriage as an institution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2) “The Ring of Fire is home to over more than 450 volcanoes and is affected by 90% of the earthquakes”. Discuss the formation of the Ring of Fire due to plate tectonics. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question is straight forward from the static portions of the GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain in detail the formation of the Ring of Fire due to plate tectonics.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short define what is Ring of fire.

Body:

Introduce the Ring of Fire by stating its location, shape, and characteristics. 

Discuss the formation of the Pacific Ring of Fire. Its association with plate tectonics.

Give some of the important geological features associated with it. 

Conclude by explaining the reason behind its active state due to which it hosts the largest number of active volcanoes of the world. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating relevance of the geographical feature to the world physiography.


Topic:  Geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

3) Explain the phenomenon of Explosive cyclogenesis. Discuss its impact on local weather and flora and fauna.(250 words)

Reference

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the phenomenon of Explosive cyclogenesis. And discuss its impact on local weather and flora and fauna.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduce briefly the phenomena of cyclogenesis and explosive cyclogenesis.

Body:

Discuss the formation of Bomb Cyclone due to explosive cyclogenesis.

Discuss its impact on the weather of a region.

Explain briefly its negative impact on the economy and disruption of normal life.

Elaborate on what needs to be done to prevent the damages caused by such phenomena.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reiterating the significance of such a natural phenomena.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

4) Are the Indian states proficient enough to make laws on National Security? Remark. Also, deliberate upon the debatable provisions of the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill that may render the legislation vulnerable to legal challenges. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

President Ram Nath Kovind has given his assent to the ‘Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organized Crime (GCTOC) Bill’, controversial anti-terror legislation passed in March 2015.

Key demand of the question:

One must deliberate upon the debatable provisions of the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime (GCTOC) Bill and discuss in what way it may lead to legal challenges in the coming future. One has to highlight and analyse if the Indian states are ready to make laws on National security.

Directive:

Comment

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the background of the coming of the bill for the presidential assent.

Body:

Explain what the bill is about – It is an anti-terrorism law modeled on laws such the Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act. 

Discuss the key features of the bill.

Then move to bring out the controversial provisions of the Bill, say for example the feature of interception of oral, wire or electronic conversations and their admissibility as evidence in a court of law.

Explain the challenges and concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. . Disaster and disaster management.

5) What do you understand by Chhattisgarh model for disposal of agri-waste? Explain how it offers a solution to the pollution crisis.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article explains in what way Chhattisgarh model for disposal of agri-waste offers a solution to pollution crisis.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what is Chhattisgarh model for disposal of agri-waste and in what way it offers a solution to pollution crisis.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the pollution caused owing to stubble burning across the Northern India.

Body:

First discuss what is the Chhattisgarh model for  mitigating the harmful effects of stubble burning.

Chhattisgarh has undertaken an innovative experiment by setting up gauthans. A gauthan is a dedicated five-acre plot, held in common by each village, where all the unused parali(pairain Chhattisgarhi) is collected through parali daan (people’s donations) and is converted into organic fertiliser by rural youth. This provides them a living. 

Discuss the benefits of such a process/model.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a positive note that it is a good step forward in mitigating the effects of stubble burning that has led to huge climate crisis in the country.


Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

6) Livestock is the lifeline of the Indian Agro-based economy, in this context Discuss the role that Livestock plays in the socio-economic life of India. (250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The tariff clauses for agriculture in the RCEP are much more severe compared to the existing World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. While the WTO allows a country to fix tariffs up to a certain maximum, or bound tariff, for a given commodity line, the RCEP binds countries to reduce that level to zero within the next 15 years. Currently, India’s average bound tariff for dairy products is about 63.8% while its average applied tariff is 34.8%.  Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to ascertain the significance of Livestock to Indian Agro-based economy and its role in the socio-economic life of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the Indian Dairy scenario with key facts and statistics.

Body:

A key feature of India’s dairy sector is the predominance of small producers. In 2017, if the average herd size in a dairy farm was 191 in the U.S., 355 in Oceania, 148 in the U.K. and 160 in Denmark, it was just 2 in India.

Consequent to Operation Flood of the 1960s, India’s contribution to world milk production rose from 5% in 1970 to 20% in 2018. Today, India is largely self-sufficient in milk production. It does not import or export milk in any significant quantity. 

Give a brief account on the global scenario.

Explain the Significance of Dairy sector to India. 

Discuss that In India, livestock provides regular, supplementary income to producers engaged in secondary and tertiary forms related to livestock business.

Discuss the effect of recently concluded negotiations at RCEP.

Conclusion:

Conclude that any future negotiations must keep in mind the significance of the dairy sector to India not just in the economic context but also in its unique role in the social transformation of the rural landscape.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) Define work culture. Explain in what way work culture is shaped through the observations and experiences of the individual in the work place. Illustrate with suitable examples.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Key demand of the question:

Explain what work culture is and then discuss how it is defined and shaped through observations and experiences of the individual in the work place.

Use suitable case studies and examples to justify better.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what work culture is.

Body:

Discuss the significant features of work culture like – Creates a sense of identity for employees, reflects and shapes the mentality of employees, defines the character of organization etc.

Use suitable example and discuss the importance of observations and experiences of an individual in defining work culture.

Conclusion:

Conclude with strength and quality of work culture.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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