Topic: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
6) Livestock is the lifeline of the Indian Agro-based economy, in this context Discuss the role that Livestock plays in the socio-economic life of India. (250 words)
Why this question:
The tariff clauses for agriculture in the RCEP are much more severe compared to the existing World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. While the WTO allows a country to fix tariffs up to a certain maximum, or bound tariff, for a given commodity line, the RCEP binds countries to reduce that level to zero within the next 15 years. Currently, India’s average bound tariff for dairy products is about 63.8% while its average applied tariff is 34.8%. Thus the question.
Key demand of the question:
The question aims to ascertain the significance of Livestock to Indian Agro-based economy and its role in the socio-economic life of the country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief discuss the Indian Dairy scenario with key facts and statistics.
A key feature of India’s dairy sector is the predominance of small producers. In 2017, if the average herd size in a dairy farm was 191 in the U.S., 355 in Oceania, 148 in the U.K. and 160 in Denmark, it was just 2 in India.
Consequent to Operation Flood of the 1960s, India’s contribution to world milk production rose from 5% in 1970 to 20% in 2018. Today, India is largely self-sufficient in milk production. It does not import or export milk in any significant quantity.
Give a brief account on the global scenario.
Explain the Significance of Dairy sector to India.
Discuss that In India, livestock provides regular, supplementary income to producers engaged in secondary and tertiary forms related to livestock business.
Discuss the effect of recently concluded negotiations at RCEP.
Conclude that any future negotiations must keep in mind the significance of the dairy sector to India not just in the economic context but also in its unique role in the social transformation of the rural landscape.