Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 05  November 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


Topic: women empowerment.

1) Economic upliftment is one of the most enabling elements to release women from oppression, violence and powerlessness. Discuss and also throw light on how far India has been successful in empowering women(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of women empowerment and its relevance to the development aspects of the country. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain the importance of Economic upliftment of women to ensure they are free from oppression, violence and powerlessness.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Present a Brief introduction about status of women.

Body:

Explain in what way economic independence becomes an enabling element for development.

Comment upon the areas of success regarding women empowerment.

Give examples of recent government initiatives and policies that aimed to empower women economically and make them independent.

Discuss the challenges involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.

2) Australia is a major supplier of wool but not a major supplier of finished woolen garments, why? Analyse the aspects leading to such a trend.(250 words)

Human and Economic geography by Goh Cheng Leong

Why this question:

The question is based out of static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

One must provide for a detailed analysis as to what has led to such a trend wherein Australia is a major producer yet not a supplier of finished woolen garments.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first explain and justify the fact that Australia is one of the major producers of wool.

Body:

Explain in detail the factors necessary for producing wool – climatic factor, land size, economy of scales etc.

Explain the nature of raw material, market locations etc.

Then discuss why Australia despite being major producer of wool is not  a major finished garments producer – explain the factors of demand, market etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.

 3) To what extend has proximity to water transport or railways influenced timber exploitation? Explain with examples from India.(250 words)

Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is based on the Timber industry prevalent in the country and the factors affecting its location.

Key demand of the question:

Examine the key factors involved in deciding the location of Timber industry in the country. Explain the influence of Railways and water transport on the location of these.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Lay out the expanse of Timber industry in the country.

Body:

Explain what are the geographical factors affecting location of this industry – raw material, transport; river, waterways, railways, labour, Market etc.

Then explain the importance of Lumbering. And the influence of above factors affecting it. Quote examples to justify.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significant contribution of the industry to the economy.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4) With the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations concluding, estimate India’s associated concerns in being a part of the RCEP due to which India preferred to stay out of the trade pact. Discuss the way forward.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Seven years after India joined negotiations for the 16-nation ASEAN (Association for South East Asian Nations)-led RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership) or Free Trade Agreement, India opted out of the agreement, citing its negative effects on “farmers, MSMEs and dairy sector”. 

Key demand of the question:

The answer must highlight the concerns India is apprehensive of with respect to joining RCEP and discuss the possible way ahead.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the recent happenings at RCEP.

Body:

Explain the recent conclusion of trade pact at the RCEP.

Highlight that RCEP negotiations were meant to create the world’s biggest free trade region that represented half the world’s population and one-third of the global GDP.

Discuss the challenges and concerns associated.

Conclusion:

Conclude the way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) Discuss the possible effect that Naga peace process would have on the neighboring States. Also, comment on the role played by the NSCN-IM in resolving the issue. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Naga peace process appears to have hit a roadblock after 22 years of negotiations. The Centre’s push for a solution to the issue by October this year and the non-flexibility of the Isak-Muivah faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM) on the “Naga national flag” and “Naga Yezhabo (constitution)” are said to be the primary reasons. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain the Naga peace process and the possible effect it will have on neighboring States. Comment on the role played by the NSCN-IM in resolving the issue.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what has triggered the current situation in the Peace process. 

Body:

Bring out the history of Naga issue.

Explain in detail the Framework Agreement – An agreement on the political parameters of the settlement was worked out with the working committee of these groups, clubbed the Naga National Political Groups (NNPGs), on November 17, 2017. This agreement ostensibly made the peace process inclusive but it bred suspicion about the central government exploiting divisions within the Nagas on tribal and geopolitical lines.

Discuss the effect on Neighbors.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Secular stagnation is generally confused with technological stagnation as both would lead to slow growth in the long term. Explain how the two are interrelated? What needs to be done? Discuss.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The term “secular stagnation” was coined by economists in the 1930s and recently become a catch description for long-term economic pessimism. However, it got confused with a very different idea- the technological stagnation hypothesis, proposed by economist Robert Gordon. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what you understand by secular stagnation and technological stagnation, compare and contrast the two and conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define the terms Secular stagnation and technological stagnation.

Body:

Discuss the following aspects in your answer:

First discuss in detail the two terms – secular and technological stagnation; The term “secular stagnation” was coined by economists in the 1930s and recently become a catchall Description for long-term economic pessimism. The technological stagnation is about supply side i.e. lack of interest from side of producers to innovate and to produce goods which break existing technological status quo. A key piece of the tech stagnation hypothesis is that production of the things we want isn’t going to get much cheaper. It reflects slowing productivity as evidence that our economy is getting worse at finding new ways to do more with less.

Analyse the inter-relationship between the two.

Present for India’s Growth potential and secular stagnation scenario.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what is the need of the hour for the Indian economy.


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

7) Do you think mere amendment of Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act, 1981 will aid the fight against pollution in the country? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article explains that amending and updating the 1981 Air Act will help in the battle against pollution.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain that Air pollution in India is not simply an environmental problem, but a major public health concern. It impacts all those breathing in the polluted air — children, the elderly, women and men alike. As its concentration worsens in India and statistics grow grimmer, so do our policymakers’ reactions. 

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief set the context of the question by highlighting the air pollution concerns being witnessed in the capital.

Body:

Explain that Statistics show that India is in a worse situation compared to its global counterparts. According to Greenpeace, 22 of the world’s 30 most polluted cities are in India and Delhi has yet again bagged the position of the world’s most polluted capital. These are grim figures, especially when compared to India’s neighbours: Five in China, two in Pakistan and one in Bangladesh. In 2018, India was placed in the bottom five countries on the Environmental Performance Index, ranking 177th out of 180 countries, along with Bangladesh, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Nepal.

Then explain what the root causes of the situation are.

Discuss most importantly significance of amending the air pollution act.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.