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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 November 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 November 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.

1) Even after local coal-iron resources are depleted, the steel and heavy engineering industries do not frequently shift their location, why? Analyse.(250 words)

Class 8 NCERT – Resources and development geography

Why this question:

The question is based on the location factor of the raw material and its significance in deciding the location of the Steel and Heavy industry per say.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the :  Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world in general and highlight the specific effect of location of raw material as a deciding factor on location of secondary industry and in what way recently there has been changes witnessed in the interlinkages between them.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief highlight the locations of coal-iron resources in India.

Body:

Explain first why the steel and iron industries were initially located in and around the raw material regions and now there has been a shift from such a trend.

Discuss the causative factors of such a trend; transport factor, use of heavy machines to transport etc.

Explain that the capital, market and transport are the other factors influencing the localization of iron and steel industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of development in general that has led to such a trend.


Topic:  Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world.

2) Pharmaceutical industries that once had shifted from the states of Gujarat/Maharashtra towards northern Hill states, are now returning back to the original states, Discuss why.(250 words)

Reference

Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is based on the static portions of GS paper – I portions.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the causative factors that have led to the shift in the pharmaceutical industries.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first explain the expanse of Pharma industries throughout the country.

Body:

One must explain the various factors that have caused the shift.

List down the reasons – economic, social and political; those have altered the pattern of pharmaceutical industries in India.

Analyse the effects of such a shift. discuss the associated advantages and disadvantages.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way ahead and suggest solutions


General Studies – 2


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

3) In the context of the stated aim of doubling farmer’s income, discuss the challenges involved in realizing the same and also suggest suitable measures required to overcome them. (250 words)

Timesofindia

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is based on the concept of doubling farmer’s income.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the challenges involved in augmenting the methods to help farmers double their income and measures required to be taken.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what you understand by doubling farmer’s income. 

Body:

Explain what are the possible sources of doubling farmer’s income – increasing agricultural productivity, improvement in total factor productivity, crop diversification etc.

Discuss what measures and strategies are to be focused to achieve the set goal.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4) The internationalisation of the Kashmir issue points to troubling diversions from India’s traditional foreign policy. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

In the weeks following the government’s decision to amend Article 370 and divide Jammu and Kashmir into two separate Union Territories, the government sent out a number of diplomatic missions worldwide to try and contain the international fallout of the move. 

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to analyse the Kashmir issue and the factors of internationalization amidst changing trends of foreign policy being witnessed to address the issue.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first explain the issue and involvement of other countries in addressing the issue of Kashmir.

Body:

Explain what has been our stand on the Kashmir issue.

Discuss the role being played by China, US and other neighboring countries.

Comment on the points of Diversion from India’s traditional foreign policy.

Elucidate upon the possible spillover effect it can have.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the biggest worry pertains not so much to the change in traditional policy as it does to lasting or permanent damage to “Brand India” as a democratic and pluralistic country, respected for decades as a rational power.


Topic:   Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

5) As highlighted by the All India Survey on Higher Education 2018-19, share of enrolled minorities still continue to be under-represented with respect to their share of the total population, discuss various factors responsible for such under-representation. Also suggest some measures to improve the same.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is based on the study provided for by All India Survey on Higher Education 2018-19. It questions the under representation of minorities as suggested by the study in the education domain.

Key demand of the question:

One has to provide for what causes such under-representation of minorities in education and what can be done to attain full equity and inclusion in higher education.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote the details and facts of the report.

Body:

First explain the reasons for such a trend – lack of access, poverty, social prejudices etc.

Discuss what can be done to attain full equity and inclusion in higher education.

Explain the significance of need for multiple stakeholder approach to overcome such a negative trend.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to address the issue.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

6) Discuss some of the recent measures taken by GOI for reforming governance that can potentially transform India.(250 words)

Yojana September 2019 edition – REFORMING GOVERNANCE

Why this question:

The question is based on the article from Yojana that highlights the measures taken by the GOI for reforming governance.

Key demand of the question:

Straight away list down the reforms taken by the GOI to ensure better governance to transform India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the importance of Governance in general.

Body:

Take hints from the article and cover various aspects of Governance under which the government has taken steps to reform – Cooperative and Competitive Federalism, Direct Benefit Transfer and Use of Aadhaar, Outcome Based Monitoring, E – Governance etc.

Explain any challenges if any involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such reforms.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

7) Explain what is ‘IndiGen’ project? Discuss how CSIR’s ‘IndiGen’ project will lead to precision medicine and develop its commercial gene testing services?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) recently announced the conclusion of a six-month exercise (from April 2019) of conducting a “whole-genome sequence” of a 1,008 Indians. 

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward; one must explain the concept of what is ‘IndiGen’ project and in what way it will help in precision medicine and commercial gene testing services.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the context of the question.

Body:

Explain first what is whole genome sequencing? 

Discuss How the CSIR enterprise work on the project – Under “IndiGen”, the CSIR drafted about 1,000 youth from across India by organizing camps in several colleges and educating attendees on genomics and the role of genes in disease. Some students and participants donated blood samples from where their DNA sequences were collected.

Explain the challenges involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of such a project.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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