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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

1) Discuss the landforms of wind erosion in general while explaining the salient features of Ayers Rock with special focus.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

From October 26, 2019, climbing Uluru, Australia’s famous desert rock, considered sacred by the local Anangu people, has been banned.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss Aeolian landforms in detail with special focus on Ayers rock as an example.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short define what Aeolian landforms are.

Body:

Explain the salient features of landforms created by wind.

Discuss separately with diagrams different landforms such as pedeplain, deflated hollows, Mushroom tables etc.

Discuss specifically the features of Ayer’s rock and its significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of wind driven landform formations in physiography.


Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

2) Discuss the features and process of formation of a tropical cyclone. How are they different from temperate cyclones? (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The Super cyclone ‘Kyarr’ in the Arabian Sea has moved westwards and away from India’s coast, according to the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

It is “very likely” to move west-northwestwards till October 30 to recurve west-south-westwards thereafter and move towards the Gulf of Aden off south Oman-Yemen coasts in the next three days. 

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of tropical cyclones and compare them with the temperate cyclones.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what tropical and temperate cyclones are.

Body:

The question expects us to give similarities and differences in the nature, origin, physical traits etc. of temperate cyclone vis a vis tropical cyclones.

Discuss origin, latitude, presence of a frontal system, formation, season, size, shape etc. in your answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the recent examples witnessed in Arabian sea.


Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3) The focus of the whole population debate in India has mostly always been on women from sterilisation to reproductive health workers. Critically analyse the causes and suggest way forward.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The question aims to ascertain the gender angle associated with population control policies.

Key demand of the question:

The article highlights in detail the causes of prejudicial population policies prevalent in country and why they have always been centered on women.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Highlight in general the population policies of India.

Body:

The article highlights in what way instead of punishing people with the two-child policy, the policy must give them information and tools to make a choice.

Discuss why the policies have always focused on controlling population through women despite the fact that the reproductive rights mostly have remained with Men.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4) Trace the evolution of privacy in India from primitives to Puttaswamy. Discuss the challenges posed by spread of Internet with suitable examples and suggest a balanced approach to internet takedowns.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article highlights the fact that Our courts should observe restraint while ordering the removal of offensive internet content.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should trace in detail the evolution of privacy laws and norms in India from primitives to Puttaswamy. Elucidate upon the challenges posed by the spread of internet.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss importance of privacy.

Body:

Explain that as much as the internet is a blessing, the fact that it can be accessed from everywhere gives rise to conflicts between national laws that are hard to reconcile. The very concept of an international network, through which data flows unimpeded between countries, threatens traditional notions of sovereignty, challenging courts and governments to find new ways in which to enforce local laws while still availing themselves of the benefits of the network. As the stakes have grown higher, governments have allowed their frustration to show, imposing regulations such as data localization and requiring decryption of encrypted traffic to wrest back some control.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

5) Uniformity in civil law can only be achieved in a piecemeal manner. Comment.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

In Jose Paulo Coutinho v. Maria Luiza Valentina Pereira (2019), the Supreme Court has yet again revived the debate on a uniform civil code (UCC).

Key demand of the question:

Explain the approach to achieve the significant UCC. What methods must be put in place to achieve the same?

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define UCC.

Body:

Explain the concept of UCC.

Uniform civil Code is a proposal to have a generic set of governing laws for every citizen without taking into consideration the religion.

Article 44 of the Constitution says that there should be a Uniform Civil Code. According to this article, “The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. Since the Directive Principles are only guidelines, it is not mandatory to use them. 

Explain why India needs a UCC.

What should be the approach to achieve the same?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

6) The Representation of People’s Act 1951 is a significant legislation for the electoral system of India. Comment. Also enumerate the salient features regarding the disqualification provisions in the act.(250 words)

Indian Polity by Lakshmikant

Why this question:

One has to bring out the significance of Representation of People’s Act 1951.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the Representation of People’s Act 1951; its features and a detailed narration of disqualification provisions in the act.

Directive:

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with significance of RPA 1951.

Body:

Discuss the Salient features of the Representation of Peoples Act first.

Enumerate the disqualification provisions in detail.

Highlight the significance of the act.

Conclusion:

Conclude  with importance of it to the democratic system.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: :  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

7) What do you understand by ‘carbon mineralisation’? How does it help in the fight against climate change? Which are other significant carbon capture and storage methods? Discuss the prospects of CCS.( 250 words)

The hindubusinessline

Why this question:

The question is amidst the recent coming of newer methods of carbon capture and storage.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elaborate what is carbon mineralisation, Elaborate how it helps in the fight against the climate change. Write other significant carbon capture and storage methods available.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Write in brief about the ‘Carbon mineralization’. 

Body:

Mineralisation’ is the decomposition of the chemical compounds in organic matter, by which the nutrients in those compounds are released in soluble inorganic forms that may be available to plants.

Carbon sequestration is the process of capture and long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide to mitigate global warming and to avoid dangerous impacts of climate change. The Carbon Capture And Storage (CCS) chain consists of three parts; capturing the carbon dioxide, transporting the carbon dioxide, and securely storing the carbon dioxide emissions, underground in depleted oil and gas fields or deep saline aquifer formations.

Explain significant carbon capture and storage methods.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

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