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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 25 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

1) Differentiate between religiousness and communalism while explaining how the former transformed into latter in the post -independent India. (250 words)

Class XI and XII NCERT – Indian society

Why this question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

The question aims to ascertain the difference between the religiousness and communalism and in what way one transformed into another.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what religiousness is and what communalism is.

Body:

Present the differences between the two; Religiosity is as old as the religion and civilization itself. Communalism is a newer phenomenon compared to religiosity. It was born during the colonial times, when the British used religious contrasts among different communities to rule over them. Religiosity is concerned with the worship of God. Communalism is a belief system and a social phenomenon wherein, history is interpreted for mobilization of people. Etc. 

Then explain how religiousness transformed into communalism in Free-India?

Illustrate with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude that transformation of religiosity into communalism creates serious obstacles to good governance, economic development and social harmony of our country. Therefore, both the state and the society must prevent any individual, organization or event that encourages such process.


Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

2) Discuss with suitable examples how regional assertiveness can prove to be a peril to National Unity.(250 words)

Class XI and XII NCERT – Indian society

Why this question:

The question again is from GS paper I. Aims to discuss the role of regional attitudes on the national unity of the country.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain with suitable examples the effect of regional attitudes on the national unity of the country.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by discussion the concept of regionalism.

Body:

Explain that regionalism is the expression of a common sense of identity and purpose by people within a specific geographical region, united by its unique language, culture, language, etc.

Discuss – Emergence of regional political parties as a result of secessionist tendencies. This trend is polarizing citizens of the country on regional lines. Example, Telugu Desam Party of Andhra Pradesh, DMK and AIDMK of Tamil Nadu.

Regionalism reached that stage where it is equivalent to be an internal security threat to the country. It is causing friction among states. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions to overcome such attitudes.


Topic: Effects of Globalization on Indian society, Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

3) Do you think Smart televisions took the ‘idiot box’ from a luxury to a necessity? Comment and also explain in what way the methods of consumption of television have greatly evolved over the past few years.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The question is based on the context of coming of Smart televisions that have replaced the way televisions have been see as idiot boxes in the past.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the transformations of televisions.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by suggesting the way we consume television has greatly evolved over the past few years. 

Body:

Discussion should first bring out a comparison between the past and present trends.

Explain in terms of content that is and was being hosted. Draw the set of differences between the two.in terms of technological improvements.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) Do prayers in the morning assembly at schools amount to giving religious instruction? Also explain if they conflict with the point of fundamental duty of inculcating scientific spirit and rational temper in citizens.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article debates on the conflicts that arise out of having prayers in the school assembly with respect to fundamental duties enshrined in the constitution.

Key demand of the question:

Bring out in detail the different aspects around the topic in question and with suitable justifications form and present a balanced opinion.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the question.

Body:

Explain that across South Asia, schools do have a morning assembly of which the prayer is considered an essential component. The only question is: what kind of musical or lyrical material is good for fulfilling the purposes for which the morning assembly is used?

Discuss whether schools funded partially or fully by the state should eschew prayers in the morning assembly?

Present a discussion upon conflict with fundamental duty of inculcating scientific spirit and rational temper in citizens.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

5) Critically present a detailed analysis of India’s One-China policy.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses in detail the India’s policy of one-China policy and in what way It can’t validate its claim over Arunachal Pradesh without recognising the historical independence of Tibet.

Key demand of the question:

One has to provide for an in-depth discussion of India’s one- China policy.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define one-child policy.

Body:

Explain first how Indian nationalism is often stumped when China claims Arunachal Pradesh as part of “South Tibet”.

Explain the historical context of these aspects. Take hints from the article and present in detail the analysis of the India’s one-China policy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:    Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

6) Throw light on the nature of crimes based on the recent report published by the National crime records bureau (NCRB) and examine the possible causes behind the several crimes cited in the report.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question is based on the report published by the National crime records bureau (NCRB).

 Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the issues facing the Indian society in the aspects of crime and the causative factors behind it.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote facts from the report.

Body:

Focus on the crime statistics and analyze the nature of crime, as released by the report.

Enumerate the possible reasons for such crimes and examine each reason.

 In brief, suggest measures to be taken to address such crimes.

Add a note on the initiatives taken by government to tackle such crimes.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions as to what needs to be done.


General Studies – 3


TOPIC: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

7) Espionage activities through the use of digital tools are increasing in the recent past, in this context discuss the need for India to invest and recruit heavily in counter-measures against social media espionage. ( 250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Espionage activities through the use of digital tools are increasing in the recent past. The article presents a detailed discussion on the same.

It was recently found out that a spy from Pakistan had managed to get access to secret and crucial information pertaining to Indian security through the means of honey-trap by using social media.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the emergence of espionage and other methods of cyber terrorism with the coming of newer digital tools and the urgency to curb them.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate what are Espionage activities.

Body:

Discuss the emergence of espionage activities with increasingly coming of digital tools – for example explain what Honey trap is? –  It is an investigative

practice involving the use of romantic or sexual relationships for interpersonal, political, or monetary purpose.

Discuss what are the challenges involved.

Explain what measures need to be taken.

Role of government agencies and other stakeholders.

Conclusion:

Conclude  with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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