Topic: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1) What do you understand by ‘Sarpanch Pati’ in the context of Indian society? Examine the causative factors and impact of such culture. (150 words)
Why this question:
Panchayati Raj institutions are a watershed in India’s democratic history as they not only percolated democratic decentralization to the grassroots level but also made a giant leap in women empowerment by granting them 33% reservation. This decentralization model has its own blend of realism and tokenism. The question critically analyses Role of Women in Panchayati Raj Institutions.
Key demand of the question:
One must bring out the drawbacks of the phenomena of Sarpanch pati, discuss the challenges it poses and one should suggest solutions to such a concern.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Briefly introduce the phenomenon of Sarpanch pati.
Explain first the reasons behind emergence of this phenomenon – Poor social status of women, lack of education, social barriers placed by the traditional orthodox and parochial society, absence of recognition of women and their contributions etc.
Discuss the impact of it.
Conclude by suggesting what needs to be done and how can such a situation be overcome.