- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
Azad Hind Government
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Particulars of Azad Hind Government- objectives, accomplishments and other related key facts.
Context: 76th anniversary of the formation of Azad Hind Government on 21st October, 2019.
About Azad Hind Government:
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had announced the establishment of the provisional government of Azad Hind in occupied Singapore in 1943.
- Known as Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind, it was supported by the Axis powers of Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany, the Italian Social Republic, and their allies.
- With this, Bose had launched a struggle to free India from British rule under the banner of the provisional government-in exile during the latter part of the Second World War.
Why was it set up?
Bose was convinced that armed struggle was the only way to achieve independence for India. Under his provisional government, the Indians living abroad had been united.
The Indian National Army drew ex- prisoners and thousands of civilian volunteers from the Indian expatriate population in Malaya (present-day Malaysia) and Burma (now Myanmar).
October 21, 1943: Announced the setting up of the provisional government on the battlefield of Singapore which was once the bulwark of the British Empire.
Under the provisional government:
- Bose was the head of the state, the prime minister and the minister for war and foreign affairs.
- Captain Lakshmi headed the women’s organisation.
- S A Ayer headed the publicity and propaganda wing.
- Rash Behari Bose was designated as the supreme advisor.
The provisional government was also formed in the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The islands were reoccupied by the British in 1945.
How it came to an end?
Bose’s death was seen as the end to the Azad Hind movement. The Second World War, also ended in 1945 with the defeat of the Axis powers.