Topic:Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
4) The recent determination to accelerate the development of an ambitious trans-Himalayan corridor between China’s Tibet and Nepal by China can be seen as important tools of statecraft to security diplomacy and law enforcement cooperation. Critically analyse. (250 words)
Why this question:
The article highlights that President Xi Jinping’s brief but significant visit to Kathamandu was defined by the determination to accelerate the development of an ambitious trans-Himalayan corridor between China’s Tibet and Nepal. While Delhi will debate the issues generated by China Nepal Economic Corridor for some time to come, it also needs to pay attention to an equally important dimension of China-Nepal relationship — the deepening of bilateral security cooperation.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss in what way China sees security diplomacy and law enforcement cooperation as important tools of statecraft.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.
Structure of the answer:
In brief narrate the context of the question.
Explain that China’s interest in “security diplomacy” as separate from “defence diplomacy” is not limited to Nepal.
Security diplomacy has emerged as a major element of China’s international relations in all geographies.
Explain the role of Nepal in Chinese security concerns.
Discuss the role of foreign states in Chinese security diplomacy.
Conclude that Massive modernisation of its internal administrative structures, significant investments in new technologies, and an effective integration of law enforcement into China’s foreign policy have transformed China’s pursuit of security diplomacy.