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Delhi’s odd- even rule

Topics Covered:

  1. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.


Delhi’s odd- even rule


What to study?

For Prelims: Overview and features of odd- even rule.

For Mains: It’s performance, impact, outcomes and other measures necessary to fight the pollution.


Context: Odd-even road rationing scheme will be implemented in Delhi from November 4 to 15.


Need for the scheme:

The capital city of India is facing worst phase of pollution and it could lead to devastating effect if pollution remains untreated or inadequately treated. Although number of steps have been taken in this regard, strict implementation has been lackluster and inadequate. Further most of the actions themselves lack sound strategy and sustainability. Thus, is urgent need for evolving sustainable and effective measures.


What exactly is the odd-even vehicle rule? 

Private vehicles will be allowed to run across the city based on their registration numbers. For example, if a vehicle’s registration number ends with an odd digit, it will be allowed on the road on January 1, while that ending with an even number can be driven on the second, and so on.


Where did it come from?

  1. This system was implemented in Beijing in 2008 just before the summer Olympics. While the rule was initially said to be temporary, it turned out to be so effective the government made it permanent.
  2. Similar road-rationing rules are imposed in many places around the world like Paris, Mexico and Bogota to curb road jams and pollution.


Is it enough?

Experts say the efficacy of the scheme would depend much on the availability of public transport. If public transport is robust, the government would be in a position to include all vehicles in the scheme, including more than 60 lakh two-wheelers that contribute heavily to the city’s pollution.


Sources: the Hindu.