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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 15 October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic:  Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Discuss in detail the cultural contributions of Chalukyan dynasty.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Inscriptions found on an ancient temple at Huligemmana Kolla near Pattadakalu in Karnataka have indicated that the place may have once been the royal burial site of the Chalukya dynasty. 

Key demand of the question:

Bring out the cultural contributions of Chalukyan dynasty. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the origin, expanse and general contributions of Chalukyas.

Body:

Explain who Chalukyas were.

Discuss their contributions to art and culture.

More specifically to the temple architecture, literature, society and religion.

Describe using examples of their contributions and highlight significance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of such cultural epitomes.


Topic:History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2) Trade wars are wars of mutual abrasion and do not always have the intended consequences. Examine how the flaws in the Napoleonic Continental System became reasons for his downfall. (250 words) 

 

Why this question:

The question aims to ascertain the causes and consequences of Trade wars.

Key demand of the question:

The question seeks to know the impact that continental system type trade wars had on the Napoleonic Empires downfall.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining trade wars and in brief about continental system of Napoleon.   

Body:

First part of the body should write about how trade wars are skirmishes of mutual attrition and in what all ways they impact the country even if the aggressor.

The next part should briefly address the objectives of the Napoleonic continental system as a tool for economic imperialism. Then the flaws in its design and implementation must be addressed in detail.

The how these flaws resulted in the downfall of Napoleon must be linked. This will make the answer holistic.

Conclusion:

Conclusion should address how the continental system designed to choke England ended up in choking Napoleon himself.


Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

3) The seeds of World War-ll were sown in the peace of World War-I. Critically Analyse.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of the factors that led to world War-II. 

Key demand of the question:

The question seeks the link between the Paris Peace Treaty and start of the world War-II. 

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Introduction should encompass the drawbacks of The Paris peace conference that had potential fault lines for occurrence of second World War.

Body:

The body should analyze the treaty of Versailles. The Treaty vis-a-vis German treatment and its reaction in aftermath of it must be clearly stated. 

The treatment of Italy by the ‘Big 3’ and the reactions for it building up for second war must be stated. 

Elements of impracticality in the treaty and the humiliation faced by the defeated states outlined.

Conclusion:

The conclusion must present that Paris Peace though harsh and humiliating wasn’t the sole reason for outbreak of World War-II. It was outcome of lot many geopolitical and economic factors acting in tandem


General Studies – 2


Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) The latest Noble prize in the discipline of economics is recognition of the fact that there’s still hope to fight poverty without succumbing to the polarizing debate between right and left wing populism. Critically analyse.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

A trio of economists were awarded the Nobel Prize on Monday for their work to alleviate global poverty.  Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer pioneered an approach to poverty reduction that was based on carefully designed experiments that sought answers to specific policy questions, according to the prize committee.

 Key demand of the question:

Analyse the relevance of such a research that seeks to address one of the very major problems of the world – poverty. Also analyse the methods propounded by the trio and suggestions thereof.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the background of the question.

Body:

Explain what is global poverty? Why is it prevalent?

Discuss the root causes of poverty across the world.

Present suitable arguments of the research that bagged the Noble prize.

Explain in what way reshaped development economics, had a clear impact on policy and improved our ability to fight global poverty.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


TOPIC:  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

5) A sustainable solution for price stabilisation is the need of the hour than merely relying on ad-hoc measures. Discuss in the context of Operation Green-TOP.(250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

Tomatoes-onions-potatoes (TOP) are the three basic vegetables that face extreme price volatility and the government often finds itself on the edge in fulfilling its dual objectives of ensuring remunerative prices for farmers and affordable prices for consumers. Thus necessitating us to examine the relevance of a sustainable price stabilization scheme.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the challenges the operation Green has come across in dealing with the issue of price stability. Explain the challenges and suggest solutions.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain the TOP Scheme. 

Body:

First discuss the key features of the current program of the government of India that seeks to address price volatility issue in agriculture system of the country.

Explain what are the possible long term solutions that can be taken forward.

Suggest sustainable solution for price stabilisation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


TOPIC: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6) Explain the significance of C40 Clean Air Cities Declaration. Why do you think cooperation at global level is necessary?  Discuss the challenges and ways to address air pollution across the global cities.( 250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

Clean Air Cities Declaration’ was unveiled at the C40 World Mayors Summit in Copenhagen, an event that occurs once every three years and is designed to implement “substantive clean air policies by 2025”.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the significance of C40 Clean Air Cities Declaration and the increasing need to address the issue of air pollution across the world cities.

Directive:

Comment

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

One can start by quoting relevant statistics/data highlighting the air pollution issue.

Body:

Explain first the key features of the C40 Clean Air Cities Declaration.

  • Through this Declaration, mayors commit to using their power and influence to reduce air pollution and work towards meeting the World Health Organization’s Air Quality Guidelines.
  • This means cities will continually reduce their local emissions, and advocate for reductions in regional emissions, resulting in continuous declines in air pollution levels that move towards the WHO guidelines.

Discuss why we need a global action to tackle the menace of air pollution?

Suggest solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world

7) Hero worship is endemic in our country and personality cult flourishes, in politics, hero-worship is a path to degradation and eventual dictatorship. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article captures the thoughts propounded by Babasaheb Ambedkar with respect to hero-worship in politics and its ill effects.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain what hero worship is, what are the concerns around it and its linkages to politics and ill effects.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what is Hero-worship. 

Body:

Discuss the context of the question using relevant examples from past to present and explain what hero-worship is and what are its linkages with politics.

Explain that there is nothing wrong in admiring our leaders as heroes, but the risk is that in the process, the tendency is to entrust such persons with vast powers and uncritically accept the exercise of these powers, without insisting on accountability, which is a sine qua non of any genuine democracy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with logical conclusion and need for a balanced approach towards leadership recognition especially in the aspects of hero-worship and politics.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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