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UN Security Council

Topics Covered:

  1. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


UN Security Council


What to study?

For Prelims: About UNSC- composition, objectives and functions.

For Mains: Role and significance of UNSC, need for UNSC reforms, why India should be given permanent membership?


Context: India and Sierra Leone seek to expand bilateral ties and push for UNSC reforms.


Reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) encompasses the following key issues: 

  1. Categories of membership.
  2. Question of the veto held by the five permanent members.
  3. Regional representation.
  4. Size of an enlarged Council and its working methods.
  5. Security Council-General Assembly relationship.
  6. Admit more permanent members.


Why reforms are necessary?

  1. European and western bias in UNSC P-5. G-4 wants to expand the permanent seats in the UNSC to 10 to include 6 new members G-4 nations apart from one seat to Africa and one seat to Arabs.
  2. It has been 72 years since the foundation of UNSC. The geopolitical realities have changed drastically, but the Council has changed very little.
  3. Veto power is grossly misused by the permanent members in their own national interest.


Why India should be given a permanent seat in the council?

  1. India was among the founding members of United Nations.
  2. It is the second largest and a one of the largest constant contributor of troops to United Nations Peacekeeping missions.
  3. Today, India has over 8,500 peacekeepers in the field, more than twice as many as the UN’s five big powers combined.
  4. India, since long time, has been demanding expansion of UNSC and its inclusion as permanent member in it. It has been a member of UNSC for 7 terms and a member of G-77 and G-4, so permanent membership is a logical extension.


Sources: pib.


Mains Question: Do you think, looking at recent developments, India is close to achieve its goal of becoming the permanent member of the United Nations Security Council? Discuss.