- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (Suman)
What to study?
For Prelims and mains: Key features, significance and expected outcomes of the programme.
Context: The Union Government has launched Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan (SUMAN) to provide quality healthcare at zero cost to pregnant women, new mothers and newborns.
About the scheme:
It aims to provide dignified and quality health care at no cost to every woman and newborn visiting a public health facility.
Under the scheme, the beneficiaries visiting public health facilities are entitled to several free services.
These include at least four ante natal check-ups that also includes one checkup during the 1st trimester, at least one checkup under Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan, Iron Folic Acid supplementation, Tetanus diptheria injection.
All pregnant women, newborns and mothers up to 6 months of delivery will be able to avail several free health care services
Features and benefits:
- The scheme will enable zero expense access to the identification and management of complications during and after the pregnancy.
- The government will also provide free transport to pregnant women from home to the health facility and drop back after discharge (minimum 48 hrs).
- The pregnant women will be able to avail a zero expense delivery and C-section facility in case of complications at public health facilities.
- The scheme will ensure that there is zero-tolerance for denial of services to such patients.
Need for and significance of the scheme:
The scheme aims to bring down the maternal and infant mortality rates in the nation and to stop all preventable maternal and newborn deaths.
The scheme provides a positive and stress-free birth experience to the mother and newborn.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines quality of care for mothers and newborns as “the extent to which health care services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. In order to achieve this, health care must be safe, effective, timely, efficiently integrated, equitable and people-centered.”
According to government, India’s maternal mortality rate has declined from 254 per 1,00,000 live births in 2004-06 to 130 in 2014-16. Between 2001 and 2016, the infant mortality rate came down from 66 per 1,000 live births to 34.