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National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey

Topics Covered:

Issues related to health.

 

National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey

 

What to study?

For Prelims: Key findings of the survey.

For Mains: Measures necessary, challenges present.

 

Context: National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey report for 2015-19 has been released.

The survey – conducted during 2015-2019 by Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi) and released by the health ministry.

 

Key findings:

  • Prevalence of diabetes in India has been recorded at 11.8% in the last four years with almost same percentage of men and women suffering from the disease.
  • The prevalence of diabetes among males was 12%, whereas among females it was 11.7%. Highest prevalence of diabetes (13.2%) was observed in the 70-79 years’ age group.
  • The prevalence of any form of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic population aged up to 50 years was found to be 16.9%.
  • Prevalence of blindness among diabetics was 2.1% and visual impairment was 13.7%.

 

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO):

  1. There are estimated 72.96 million cases of diabetes in adult population of India.
  2. The prevalence in urban areas ranges between 10.9%-14.2% and prevalence in rural India is at 3.0-7.8% among population aged 20 years and above with a much higher prevalence among individuals aged over 50 years. 

 

Background:

Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy have been emerging as a significant non-communicable disease leading to ocular morbidity (blindness). It is estimated that diabetic retinopathy was responsible for 1.06% of blindness and 1.16% of visual impairment globally in 2015. 

Sources: pib.

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