Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
1) The Indian National Congress consisted of various ideas and ideologies, often contradictory to each other; do you think it was a mark of pluralism? How did it shape India?Discuss. (250 words)
Freedom struggle of India by Bipin Chandra
Why this question:
The question is centered on heterogeneous ideas within Congress. The answer has to visit all the different ideologies within Congress to show whether it was pluralistic or not. Then it has to show how these different ideologies impacted the modern India.
Key demand of the question:
One must elucidate upon the various ideas and ideologies of INC and discuss the pluralistic tendencies and in what way it shaped India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Mention the diverse composition of Congress and the ideas and ideologies they stood for.
Start by clearly outlining various ideologies and groups within Congress.
It should highlight how these individuals/groups were in contradiction to each other. Examples such a moderates vs. extremists, pro changers vs no changers, landlords vs. peasants’ right wing, capitalists, Socialists etc must included with examples. Even individual ideological clashes like Gandhi vs Bose will add value to answer.
Then one should provide justification that it was a mark of pularilism. Examples should be provided as how Congress was pluralistic.
Final part of body should be how these diverse ideas have impacted India. Links should be developed to current affairs to make answer holistic.
Conclude by emphasizing pluralism of Indian National Congress clearly.