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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09  October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1) Noakhali presented for Gandhi the first field demonstration of two-nation theory in its intense and most frightening form, Analyse the role played by Gandhi in the situation. (250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article examines the role played by Mahatma Gandhi’s in Noakhali, where widespread communal riots had broken out after Partition.

Key demand of the question:

Narrate the situation of two nation theory that was put forth in Noakhali during the partition and the role that Mahatma Gandhi played in resolving the situation.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First explain what the Noakhali incident was.

Body:

Communal violence had broken out on October 10, 1946, and rapidly swept the district of Noakhali; poor Hindu families slaughtered, women raped and murdered and forcible conversions. 

Then explain in what way Noakhali presented for Gandhi the first field demonstration of two-nation theory in its intense and most frightening form.

Brief on the role played by Gandhi to resolve the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the outcome of the Noakhali incidence in the history of modern India even as of today.


Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2) “What the reforms of 1909 gave to people of country were merely a shadow rather than substance.” Elucidate.(250 words)

Modern history of India – spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of Morley Minto Reforms.

Key demand of the question:

One as to discuss that the Reforms of 1909, commonly known as the Morley Minto Reforms were introduced to placate the moderates and driving them away from the extremists. It was a part of the three pronged approach of repression-conciliation -suppression. However, it failed to satisfy moderates.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Body:

Explain the following aspects: 

  • Discuss what the demands of the moderates were – like expansion of legislative council, responsible government etc.
  • How these reforms were just shadow of what was actually demanded. For example  – Indians were allowed to participate in the election of various legislative council but on the basis of class and community
  • Numbers of elected members in legislative councils were increased but overall non official majority was introduced in provincial councils.
  • Separate electorate for Muslims was introduced

Conclusion:

Conclude that the reforms of 1909 instead of solving the political problems of the country created more chaos.


Topic:  The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

3) “Tribal movements under British rule were the most frequent, militant and violent of all freedom movements”. Explain.(250 words)

Modern history of India – spectrum publications

Why this question:

The question is about discussing the role of tribals in the Indian national movement.

Key demand of the question:

Such questions can be best explained through plethora of examples reasoned with suitable justifications.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First discuss the causative factors that led to tribal uprisings in the modern history of India.

Body:

  • Mention the role played by tribals in national movement. Like increasing political consciousness of the tribal people, depriving British from moral authority to rule, checking the onslaught of the 
  • Mention Santhal Parganas Act, role of Zeliangrong movement and Rani Gaidinliu etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting their significance to Indian freedom struggle.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4)  What is graded response action plan (GRAP)? Discuss the effectiveness of such plans in solving the issue of air pollution in cities like Delhi. (250 words)

Indianexpress

 

Why this question:

The article discusses – stricter measures under Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi-NCR from October 15. It throws light on how have the plan worked in Delhi so far, what is being extended to NCR towns, and where other do states figure in it.

Key demand of the question:

One should explain in detail the concept underlying the graded response action plan (GRAP) and its effectiveness of such plans in solving the issue of air pollution in cities like Delhi.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the genesis of graded action plan.

Body:

  • Explain that Approved by the Supreme Court in 2016, the plan was formulated after several meetings that the Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA) held with state government representatives and experts. The result was a plan that institutionalized measures to be taken when air quality deteriorates.
  • Explain the key features of the plan.
  • Discuss the challenges involved in implementing it.
  • Elucidate on the positives it brought in, in the cities like that of Delhi in treating the issue of air pollution.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) What are Green Skills? Discuss the Importance of Green Skill Development Programme that was launched recently. (250 words)

Vikaspedia

Why this question:

India would need around 10.4 crores of new workforces by the year 2022, in various sectors and hence skill development is essential to meet the demand. Thus with this aspect the question aims to examine the significance of Green Skill Development Programme.

Key demand of the question:

Explain what are green skills and their importance in today’s times. Also throw light on the Importance of Green Skill Development Programme that was launched recently.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what green skills are.

Body:

Recently Decision has been taken by the Government of India, to expand the Green Skill Development Programme (GSDP) to an all-India level.

Discuss –

What are Green Skills? – Green skills are those skills needed to adapt processes, services and products to climate change and the environmental regulations and requirements related to it. They include the knowledge, abilities, values and attitudes needed to live in, develop and support a sustainable and resource-efficient society. These skills are required in areas such as such as Renewable energy, Wastewater treatment, Climate resilient cities, Green construction, Solid waste management etc.

Explain its significance.

List down the importance of Green Skill Development Programme along with recent developments.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

6) Examine the causative factors and circumstances that lead to conflict of interest for a public servant and suggest ways to resolve them.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the topic of conflict of interest.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain what conflict of interest, why does it arise is, what are the causative factors that lead to such situations and what should be done to overcome it.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the significance of understanding conflict of interest in public services in general. 

Body:

Explain the concept of ‘conflict of interest’ – Conflict of interest situation arises when there is an actual or apparent conflict between public duty and private interest of a public official. In such a situation, an official’s private interests could improperly influence the performance of official duties. Conflict of interest reduces public trust and confidence in the integrity and impartiality of public functionaries.

Give reasons and situations that lead to conflict of interest.

Give measures to be adopted to avoid conflict of interest.

Discuss using examples to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the moral obligation on public officials requires that the authority entrusted to them be exercised in the public interest. The trust on civil servants should be maintained for efficient and effective governance.


Topic:  Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) “In the age of rising intolerance and polarization, forgiveness and compassion are much needed values.” Examine.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article is based on the importance of the values of forgiveness and compassion in the era that we are living in.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the relevance of these values in the age of rising intolerance and polarization the world is witnessing.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate what are values and their importance in general.

Body:

Explain that To forgive, we must be ready to let go of our anger and resentment toward someone or something. However, the meaning of forgiveness that I prefer is simply “letting go.” The act of compassion is the desire to alleviate the suffering of others. In other words, it is showing care for others while understanding that they are fully responsible for their actions.  It doesn’t mean that we are justifying their behavior; instead, by being compassionate, we are making space for others to have their experiences without attaching our reactions to them.

Use suitable case studies to justify how these values play crucial role in today’s rising intolerance and polarized world.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Compassion is not a relationship between the healer and the wounded. It’s a relationship between equals. Only when we know our own darkness well can we be present with the darkness of others. Compassion becomes real when we recognize our shared humanity.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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