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6) Examine the causative factors and circumstances that lead to conflict of interest for a public servant and suggest ways to resolve them.(250 words)

Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

6) Examine the causative factors and circumstances that lead to conflict of interest for a public servant and suggest ways to resolve them.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is based on the topic of conflict of interest.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain what conflict of interest, why does it arise is, what are the causative factors that lead to such situations and what should be done to overcome it.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the significance of understanding conflict of interest in public services in general. 

Body:

Explain the concept of ‘conflict of interest’ – Conflict of interest situation arises when there is an actual or apparent conflict between public duty and private interest of a public official. In such a situation, an official’s private interests could improperly influence the performance of official duties. Conflict of interest reduces public trust and confidence in the integrity and impartiality of public functionaries.

Give reasons and situations that lead to conflict of interest.

Give measures to be adopted to avoid conflict of interest.

Discuss using examples to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the moral obligation on public officials requires that the authority entrusted to them be exercised in the public interest. The trust on civil servants should be maintained for efficient and effective governance.

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