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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 08  October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues

1) The first two decades of the twentieth century created conditions for the emergence of socialism in Indian setting. How did the socialist ideas sway the national movement from within Congress and outside it? Discuss. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is to analyse the effect of socialist ideas on the Indian national movement.

Key demand of the question:

There are two parts in the questions. First part of the Question deals with origin of socialism in Indian scenario in early twentieth century. The second part its influences on national movement from socialist leaders within Congress and outside it. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with the origins of socialism in Indian scenario and new dimensions it gave to the Indian national movement. 

Body:

The introduction to transition into body speaking about the causes which led to the emergence of socialism in India. 

The next part of body should address how socialism impacted the national movement within Congress. It should cover the new orientation to Congress, new leadership, new demands and new socio-economic dimensions I brought to Indian National Congress. This should be backed with particular examples like Congress sessions of Karachi and Faizpur etc., Economic Policies of Congress, peasant and working class in Congress and prominent socialist leaders like Nehru and Bose. Its impact must clearly outline and stressed upon. 

The next part of the body must deal with Gandhian Socialism and how it impacted Indian National movement very briefly. 

Last part of answer must deal Socialism outside Congress. Comment on Radical Socialism (Communism) as well and its leaders like M.N Roy. Kisan Sabhas and their contribution. Trade Unions and their contributions.  

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer with orientation how the above mentioned impact shaped India towards a socialist state and a mixed economy in post independent India.


Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues

2) Famines were not new to India but the apathy of colonial rulers made it worse. Critically analyse the colonial response to famines in India. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is based on the topic of famines in the historical past of India.

Key demand of the question:

The question demands the response of colonial response to various major famines in India which made the famine situation worse than what it is. 

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with first statement saying that famines have been recurring in India since ancient and medieval days. Cite examples of famines in Ancient age like Arthshastra mentioning famines, Famines during sultanate and mughal period etc.

Body:

Transition into body by saying how lack of response from British rule made the already grave situation worse, resulting in heavy casualties.

The answer must be addressed in two parts. Firstly, the famines under East India company’s rule and Famines under Crowns rule. Under Company’s rule, how various major famines were dealt in India must be explained including the measures taken. The apathy of company by not granting adequate relief measures and in some instances raising prices to make more profits must be highlighted. Facts and figures of the number of casualties must be provided.

Under crown’s rule, the responses such a various committees and their recommendations must be mentioned with an emphasis on the lack of implementation. The famines on twenties especially the ones during the world wars which again were due the resources being rerouted for war efforts must be highlighted among other things.

Conclusion:

The conclusion should summarize the overall famine situation in colonial India and the responses to it being inadequate to deal with the situation. A link must be developed to post independent India where famines came to halt due to the efforts of the independent government


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3) Urgent and fresh debate on the need to repeal the sedition law, for it has no place in a vibrant democracy is the issue at the hour. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

 

Why this question:

The article discusses the concerns and issues surrounding the debate of sedition.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the challenges that sedition law poses in the current polity set up and in what way it is high time to debate and conclude upon it.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate what are the issues with continuing with the sedition law.

Body:

Explain the following factors:

What is the Sedition Law?

Write briefly upon the Use of Sedition law during India’s Freedom Movement.

Discuss what the current issue is.

List the various supreme court judgments.

Explain the various concerns involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

4) Religious trusts have been historically known to be repositories of wealth donated by disciples and followers. In such a context do you think allowing religious trusts to invest in start-ups could catalyse the ecosystem? Analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Religious trusts have been historically known to be repositories of wealth donated by disciples and followers. However, this opaque world has opened up in recent times with the income and profitability of some of the well-known trusts now available with credit rating agencies as well. Thus it becomes necessary for us to analyse their role in contributing to start up ecosystem. 

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the significant contribution that the religious endowments and trusts can make by contributing to start ups through investments.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the significance of religious trusts and there working in general.

Body:

Explain that religious trusts have been historically known to be repositories of wealth donated by disciples and followers. However, this opaque world has opened up in recent times with the income and profitability of some of the well-known trusts now available with credit rating agencies as well.

Discuss the startup ecosystem currently present in India – In 2018, India turned out to be the world’s third-largest startup ecosystem, with $38 billion in foreign direct investment.

Conclusion:

Conclude that Indian economy can witness a multiplier effect on employment generation if thousands of genuine startups start seeing capital inflows through these religious institutions


Topic:  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5) Establishment of strong rapport with West Asian Kingdoms could safeguard India’s oil and gas assets against threats from Pakistan. Elucidate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article describes that Pakistan is heavily in debt to Saudi Arabia and it depends hugely on the kingdom’s largesse to avoid economic collapse. Saudi Arabia has consequently considerable leverage over Pakistan and the latter in turn cannot afford to ignore Saudi economic interests when war gaming an offensive strategy against India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to emphasize on the fact that its time for India to deepen its economic linkages with Saudi Arabia through interlocking cross country investments.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the context of the question.

Body:

Discussion should talk about the dependency of Pakistan on Saudi Arabia for oil and natural gas.

Explain why India should encourage cross country investments with Saudi Arabia. What should be India’s role in establishing relations with the oil countries in such a context?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

6) Confusion with respect to manner of deportation of those left out of the NRC exercise could cast a shadow over the “best of the best” of ties between India and Bangladesh. In such a situation analyse areas of bilateral relations that need attention? (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was on a four-day India visit, the first full bilateral meeting since both countries went to polls, marking a new chapter between New Delhi and Dhaka.

Key demand of the question:

One has to throw light on the current Indo-Bangladesh relations – key areas of operation and areas that need attention.

Directive:

analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the recent relations shared between the country and the historical past that the two countries share.

Body:

First explain the recent meeting of the two prime ministers – Modi and Ms. Hasina inaugurated three projects. The projects include import LPG from Bangladesh, inauguration of the Vivekananda Bhavan at Ram Krishna Mission in Dhaka and inauguration of Bangladesh-India professional skill development Institute at the Institute of Engineers in Khulna.

Discuss the areas of cooperation between the two countries.

Explain the areas of concern such as – Growing concerns in Bangladesh over the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam are another source of tensions.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India-Bangladesh border is one of India’s most secured.  Relations between the two countries have reached a stage of maturity. Bilateral ties can be expected to grow stronger in the future. It is for India to take the lead to remove these irritants.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

7) With India facing an economic slowdown, it is a superlative time to instrument agricultural reforms for the restoration of the economy. Analyse.  (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

One of the world’s fastest-growing economies, India, is now facing sluggish growth, with the Reserve Bank of India sharply cutting GDP growth forecast to 6.1% for 2019-20, which is lowest in the last six years.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elaborate that the time is right to execute a slew of doable agricultural reforms as the role of agriculture in reversing the slowdown is immense in the light of its nearly 20% contribution to a $5-trillion economy.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain why there is slowdown in the economy.

Body:

Explain the significance of agriculture to the economy in general.

Whatever the reason for the slowdown, the opportunity to speed up must accommodate a diverse body of opinion and options for sustainable and inclusive growth.

The conventional approach of fiscal and monetary stimulus options to address the relics of a slow pace would only give immediate relief and not an enduring solution.

Hence key policy measures as they exist now must reach out to emancipate that which is dragging growth while stimulating key sectors.

The occasional dip in growth due to various reasons will slow the pace to achieving a $5-trillion economy by 2024.

This is the right time to execute a slew of doable agricultural reforms as the role of agriculture in reversing the slowdown is immense in the light of its nearly 20% contribution to a $5-trillion economy.

Therefore, a blend of efforts from a range of sectors, agriculture and allied sectors is warranted to enable overall growth.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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