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1) The first two decades of the twentieth century created conditions for the emergence of socialism in Indian setting. How did the socialist ideas sway the national movement from within Congress and outside it? Discuss. (250 words)

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues

1) The first two decades of the twentieth century created conditions for the emergence of socialism in Indian setting. How did the socialist ideas sway the national movement from within Congress and outside it? Discuss. (250 words)

 

Why this question:

The question is to analyse the effect of socialist ideas on the Indian national movement.

Key demand of the question:

There are two parts in the questions. First part of the Question deals with origin of socialism in Indian scenario in early twentieth century. The second part its influences on national movement from socialist leaders within Congress and outside it. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin with the origins of socialism in Indian scenario and new dimensions it gave to the Indian national movement. 

Body:

The introduction to transition into body speaking about the causes which led to the emergence of socialism in India. 

The next part of body should address how socialism impacted the national movement within Congress. It should cover the new orientation to Congress, new leadership, new demands and new socio-economic dimensions I brought to Indian National Congress. This should be backed with particular examples like Congress sessions of Karachi and Faizpur etc., Economic Policies of Congress, peasant and working class in Congress and prominent socialist leaders like Nehru and Bose. Its impact must clearly outline and stressed upon. 

The next part of the body must deal with Gandhian Socialism and how it impacted Indian National movement very briefly. 

Last part of answer must deal Socialism outside Congress. Comment on Radical Socialism (Communism) as well and its leaders like M.N Roy. Kisan Sabhas and their contribution. Trade Unions and their contributions.  

Conclusion:

Conclude the answer with orientation how the above mentioned impact shaped India towards a socialist state and a mixed economy in post independent India.

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