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World Cotton Day

Topics Covered:

  1. Major crops and cropping patterns.

 

World Cotton Day

 

What to study?

For Prelims and mains: Significance of the day, key facts related to Cotton.

 

Context: World Cotton Day being observed from 7th October to 11th October 2019 in Geneva.

 

About the World Cotton Day:

  • Organised by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in collaboration with the Secretariats of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the International Trade Centre (ITC) and the International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC).
  • WTO is hosting the event at the request of the Cotton – 4 countries, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali.

 

Objectives of the event:

  1. To give exposure and recognition to cotton and all its stakeholders in production, transformation and trade.
  2. To engage donors and beneficiaries and strengthen development assistance for cotton.
  3. To seek new collaborations with the private sector and investors for the cotton related industries and production in developing countries and promote technological advances, as well as further research and development on cotton. 

 

Significance of the day:

  • The Day will celebrate the many advantages of cotton, from its qualities as a natural fibre, to the benefits people obtain from its production, transformation, trade and consumption.
  • It will also serve to shed light on the challenges faced by cotton economies around the world because cotton is important to least developed, developing and developed economies worldwide. 

 

Cotton, it’s significance and the need for support:

Cotton is a global commodity that is produced all over the world.

A single tonne of cotton provides year-round employment for five people on average.

Cotton is a drought – resistant crop ideal for arid climates, it occupies just 2.1 % of the world’s arable land, yet it meets 27% of the world’s textiles need.

In addition to its fibre used in textiles and apparel, food products are also derived from cotton like edible oil and animal feed from the seed.

 

Facts for Prelims:

In India, various grades of raw cotton are produced including:

SUVIN, the finest quality of Extra Long Staple Cotton produced in Tamil Nadu having the highest fibre length.

Natural coloured cotton that is grown in Dharwad in the state of Karnataka in different colours like dark brown, medium brown, green and cream colours will also be on display.

 

Efforts to promote Cotton in India:

Between 2011 and 2018, India implemented a Cotton Technical Assistance Programme (Cotton TAP-I) of about USD 2.85 million for seven African countries namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad and also Uganda, Malawi and Nigeria.

The technical assistance focused on improving the competitiveness of the cotton and cotton-based textiles and apparel industry in these countries through a series of interventions which had significant outcomes leading to a demand for a follow-on project.

 

Sources: pib.

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