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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 October 2019

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03  October 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) Coins form an invaluable source in reconstruction of India past. Explain with examples from ancient India.(250 words)

Reference

Indian Art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

The question seeks to ascertain the importance of coins as an important source of studying past and reconstructing history.

Key demand of the question:

The question seeks the importance of coins as the source of archaeological evidence the reconstruction of Ancient Indian History.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with briefly introducing how coins form a invaluable part in reconstruction of India’s Ancient past.

Body:

Body should explain in detail coinage provides information about various different components of Ancient India.

The body should be clearly demarcated in political, economic, social, cultural and technological information provided by the coins of the Ancient Indian age.

Relevant examples should be provided to substantiate your answers and they should be clearly highlighted as it is specifically asked in the questions.

In a sentence or two, just mention a passing reference regarding certain limitations of the coins as source of history.

Conclusion:

Summarize the entire answer as to how coins form an invaluable part of the past.


Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2) Describing the significance of Stupas, trace its evolution under Ashoka and later rulers.(250 words)

 Indian Art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why this question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the significance of Stupas in the architectural history of India.

Key demand of the question:

Answer seeks to trace the evolution of Stupas in Mauryan and post Mauryan period.  

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by addressing the first part of the answer that is by describing the significance of the Stupas.

Body:

Draw a tough sketch of the Stupa with its essential attributes being labeled. 

First part of the body should talk about Stupas under Ashoka and Mauryan age. Their essential features, their material cultures, the reasons to be constructed and the places they were constructed must be addressed. The mention of Stupas in various literary works of that period can also be written about. 

The next part should address the Stupa construction activity under later rulers. The changes seen from Asoka times must be clearly highlighted in features, material cultures etc. The mention of Stupas in various literary works of that period can also be written about.

Conclusion:

Conclusion say how Stupas architecture was one of the most well defined of that age. 


Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3) Internal migration is recurrently associated with the growing anti-migrant politics. Discuss with suitable examples.(250 words)

Deccanherald

livemint

Why this question:

‘Migration’ in recent times has been a hotly debated issue across the world and the rising anti-migrant sentiments across have also been gathering much attention.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the association of internal migration with growing anti-migration politics with suitable examples.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

First quote some data/statistics justifying the context of the question, say – As per the census, the level of urbanization in India has increased from 27.81% in 2001 to 31.16% in 2011. Census 2011 pegs the total number of internal migrants in the country (accounting for inter- and intra-state movement) at a staggering 139 million.

Body:

Explain migration as a concept.

Discuss what are the nuances of internal migration – pros and cons.

Establish what link internal migration shares with anti-migration politics.

Explain the positives that migrants bring with them, and then explain the vulnerabilities they face.

Use suitable examples ranging from Brexit case to the NRC of Assam to the internal migrations being witnessed in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 2


Topic:India and its neighborhood- relations.

Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4) India’s links with Bangladesh are civilizational, cultural, social and economic. Discuss the present areas of co-operation along with the associated concerns.Also explain where should the future focus lie?(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

During the last decade of Ms. Hasina’s tenure as PM, Bangladesh-India engagement has intensified. With her coming to India, India celebrates 

Key demand of the question:

The question demands elaboration on India-Bangladesh ties in detail from past to present.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the background of the question, the present context of relations between the two countries.

Body:

Explain in detail the ties across different domains like – Sharing of River Waters, Bilateral Trade, Institutional Mechanisms, India’s Economic Assistance to Bangladesh, areas of conflicts.

Discuss the areas of concern between the two – border issues, refugees, NRC of Assam etc. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with what the two countries should focus in terms of future engagements and that Bangladesh and India are crucial landmark in the determination of the geographic and political contours of South Asia.


General Studies – 3


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) Do you agree that creating jobs along with infrastructure investment will aid the government to create more quality employment opportunities? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The article emphasizes in depth the link between job creation and infrastructure investment. 

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the fact that the unemployment crisis in the country can be aptly addressed only when the government will focus upon the infrastructure investment along with other factors such as creation of job opportunities.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief bring out the ongoing job crisis in the country, one can quote periodic labourforce survey statistics or likewise.

Body:

First explain the factors that are contributing to large scale unemployment in the country.

Then explain the role of government in terms of investment that is crucial to generating large scale jobs.

Take hints from the article and assert the significance of infrastructure investment.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6)  Indian economy is going through the demand drought phase, discuss the factors that have contributed to it and suggest what can be done to revive the demand.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article explains the fall in overall demand being witnessed by the Indian economy.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss the multiple factors that have led to fall in demand and what needs to be done to rejuvenate the same.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what is meant by ‘demand drought’.

Body:

Explain the factors responsible for the demand drought – 

lack of jobs, or even where jobs are available — like in the new or digitally enabled “gig” economy — a tenuousness about the incomes from such work, the abiding rural distress, widening inequality and, interestingly, in the opinion of some economists, even the Reserve Bank of India’s successful targeting of inflation are all cited as contributors.

Inflation and issues linked to it.

Then explain what steps should be taken by the government to revive the demand.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

7) What do you understand by quantum supremacy? How are quantum computers different from regular personal computers? How will it impact the technology world? Elaborate.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article is based on the concept of quantum supremacy. Thus important from the perspective of GS paper-III.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the concept of quantum supremacy in detail and the discuss how it is different from personal computers and its impact on technology.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In first, define what you understand by quantum supremacy.

Body:

Quantum supremacy refers to a problem-solving process by the quantum computer that cannot be solved by a classical computer in its normal lifetime.

Explain the genesis of the concept in detail.

Discuss the difference between quantum computers and regular personal computers – main difference being the way the two store information.

Explain the utility of the concept and in what way it’s evolutionary in terms of technological innovation.

Conclusion:

Conclude by asserting significance of such innovations.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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