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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30  September 2019

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General Studies – 2


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) Discuss in detail the objectives of National Launch of 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029).(250 words)

Pib

Why this question:

The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, GoI launched the 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029), which focus on sustaining the sanitation behavior change that has been achieved under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G), ensuring that no one is left behind, and increasing access to solid and liquid waste management.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the salient features of 

Recently launched National Launch of 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029).

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the significance of rural sanitation in the overall development of the country.

Body:

Explain briefly About the Rural Sanitation Strategy, why is it significant, what have been the strategies in the past, their successes and failures.

How is the current strategy different from the past?

Explain the salient features in detail and suggest way ahead.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2) To what extent the sixth schedule of the constitution has been successful in appeasing the demands of people of North Eastern states. Critically examine. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

A sub-committee constituted by the Meghalaya government has decided to recommend to the Standing Committee of Parliament the removal of the word “unrepresented tribes” from the proposed amendment of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the relevance and importance that sixth schedule holds for India and more so specifically to the North eastern states.

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the coming of sixth schedule in the Indian constitution.

Body:

Explain the following facts – 

  • Sixth Schedule deals with Article 244(2) and 275(1).
  • It has provisions related to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • It provides for the setting up Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) for administration of these tribal areas. Term of the District Councils is for five years from the date of their constitution. It is governed by an Executive Committee.
  • Discuss what makes it important in terms of governance of the region.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of such features of the constitution.


Topic: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

3) “The current case against the actions of prime minister of UK is truly a Kesavananda Bharti moment for the British courts”. Explain. (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The United Kingdom Supreme Court, in a slender but significant judgment, decided that the prorogation of parliament by the Queen of England, acting on the advice of the Privy Council, was unlawful on the grounds of parliamentary sovereignty and democratic accountability. Hence the question.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way Indian Supreme Court’s jurisprudence, and its demos prudential co-governance of the nation has similarity with its British counterpart.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain the current case of prorogation of parliament by the Queen of England as directed by the judiciary of United Kingdom.

Body:

Explain what is the situation in UK with respect to democratic accountability of the parliament.

Discuss the commonalities it has with Indian scenario in detail, compare and contrast with the Kesavananda Bharti case.

Elaborate on the ongoing issues of the British parliament, discuss the challenges in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4) India needs universities with a core mission of producing educated people who are needed to build and run a flourishing economy, in such a context discuss the relevance of triple helix model to Indian universities.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses the possible application of the triple helix model to the Indian universities.

Key demand of the question:

One must explain the concept of triple helix model and in what way the model can be effectively applied to the case of Indian universities.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what is meant by triple helix model. 

Body:

Explain the basics of the model – The triple helix model of innovation refers to constant interactions between academia, industry and governments to foster economic and social development.  

The model emphasizes on boosting innovation for development.  

Explain that problems that Indian universities are currently facing.

Conclusion:

Conclude that we need universities with a core mission of producing educated people who are needed to build and run a flourishing economy. Today, in India, how many universities have been able to connect their activities to society and the nation’s economy is a major concern.it is hoped that the current government takes keen interest in developing scientific research culture in Indian universities.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

5) The Political Meddling in the institutions has deteriorated the credibility of the institutions over time which in turn has crippled the economy. Elaborate with examples.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article explains in what way The credibility of the RBI, the CSO and the Niti Aayog has taken a beating in recent times due to political interference.

Key demand of the question:

Bring out the recent controversies that have arisen due to lack of credibility in the way institutions have been contributing to the economy in justifying their roles.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the ongoing issues with institutions in the country.

Body:

Discuss in brief the role of institutions in a political economy.

Explain the recent instances in which the autonomy of the institutions got crippled- RBI, NITI Aayog, CSO etc. 

Discuss on the present slowdown in the economy vis –a vis the institutional factors.

Suggest measures to address the situation. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

6) Fundamental weaknesses in the structure of the economy need to be removed to sustain high growth along with countercyclical policies to boost demand. Explain the role of government in this case.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article states that despite the recessionary conditions in the industrialised countries, it may still be possible to pitch for a higher growth in exports. The recent announcements on boosting exports is a recognition of this

Key demand of the question:

Explain in what way fundamental weaknesses in the structure of the economy need to be removed to sustain high growth along with countercyclical policies to boost demand.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the current economy of the country.

Body:

First using statistics explain the issues marring the economy of the country.

Explain – Several sectors such as automobiles and housing are facing a sharp weakening of demand. And there has been a significant fall in the savings and investment rate. Within household savings, the proportion of savings in financial assets has sharply declined.

Discuss what measures need to be taken to overcome this challenge.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7) Discuss the concept of Integral Humanism outlined by Deendayal Upadhyaya. Also elucidate how integral humanism is the answer to contemporary political, social, economic and religious challenges.(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

Nation paid homage to Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya on his birth anniversary Yesterday.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss in detail the contributions of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya with special focus on his philosophy of integral humanism.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define what you understand by integral humanism. 

Body:

Discuss the following points – 

  • Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya outlined his philosophy for governance in the form of four lectures delivered in 1965 to Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) party-workers in Bombay, titled “Integral Humanism”. 
  • The title was chosen to contrast it with the thesis of ‘Radical Humanism’ put forward by MN Roy, the former Communist leader. 
  • According to him, the fundamental cause of the numerous problems that modem India is faced with lies in the indiscriminate application of the Western forms of thought to Indian political life. 
  • Thus it is opposed to both western capitalist individualism and Marxist socialism of their excesses and alienness, though welcoming to western science. It presents an indigenous economic model that puts the human being at centre stage.  

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance that the philosophy holds even today.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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