Topic: Indian Constitution– historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
2) To what extent the sixth schedule of the constitution has been successful in appeasing the demands of people of North Eastern states. Critically examine. (250 words)
Why this question:
A sub-committee constituted by the Meghalaya government has decided to recommend to the Standing Committee of Parliament the removal of the word “unrepresented tribes” from the proposed amendment of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in detail the relevance and importance that sixth schedule holds for India and more so specifically to the North eastern states.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
Explain the coming of sixth schedule in the Indian constitution.
Explain the following facts –
- Sixth Schedule deals with Article 244(2) and 275(1).
- It has provisions related to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
- It provides for the setting up Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) for administration of these tribal areas. Term of the District Councils is for five years from the date of their constitution. It is governed by an Executive Committee.
- Discuss what makes it important in terms of governance of the region.
Conclude by reasserting significance of such features of the constitution.