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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 28  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Social Issues, Urbanization, their problems & remedies .Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.

1) Explain the significance “Affordable Housing for All” in the economic development and well-being of India.  (250 words)

The hindubusinessline

Why this question:

Cumulative number of Houses Sanctioned Under PMAY(U) are now more than 90 Lakhs. Thus making it important from exam point of view to analyse the significance of housing for all.

Key demand of the question:

The question is direct and one must discuss the significance “Affordable Housing for All” in the economic development and well-being of India.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is meant by housing for all.

Body:

Discuss in what way Food, cloth and housing are the basic necessities of any individual. How Affordable housing improves well-being of an individual and a country.

Elucidate on how Affordable housing helps in human development, how it helps in Economic Development.

What are the mechanisms available from the government side for the same and what are the challenges involved?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward and importance of housing for all for the overall development of the country.


General Studies – 2


Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

2) Why is Chabahar Port important to India? Discuss in detail its geopolitical significance.(250 words)

Economictimes

Why this question:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani met along the sidelines of the UN General Assembly’s 74th session in New York.

The leaders especially mentioned operationalization of Chabahar Port and noted its importance as gateway to and for the landlocked Afghanistan and the Central Asian region.

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the significance of Chabahar port to the geopolitics of the region.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short discuss the context of the question.

Body:

Start by explaining few facts about Chabahar port. 

Discuss in brief the India-Iran historic ties.

Explain the geopolitical significance of the port, India’s stakes.

What are the possible challenges?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward with emphasis on the role India got to play.


Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

3) Providing basic needs as well as freedoms to the people shall go hand in hand for the holistic development of the country. Elucidate. (250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question ascertains the necessity of basic needs and its interrelation with right to freedom.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must analyse the need for individual freedom along with basic needs for the holistic development of the country.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss what basic needs of an individual in a society are.

Body:

In brief, discuss the basic needs of the people with an emphasis on the recent initiative taken by the government to provide basic needs. 

The freedoms that are to be given to an individual – freedom of speech, expression, etc. 

The importance of both in developing an individual. 

Discuss the impact of providing basic needs at the cost of freedoms and vice-versa. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic:  Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4) The increase in global temperatures and the associated natural disasters will make millions of people climate refugees. Analyse the statement in the light of recently released IPCC report on  Ocean and Cryosphere and suggest the way forward.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The latest report, on Ocean and Cryosphere, is the last in a series of three that the IPCC had been asked to produce to assess the impacts of climate change on specific themes.

Key demand of the question:

The answer should bring out the highlights of the latest IPCC report and significance of the urgency to curb global warming to mitigate the effects of climate change and disasters occurring due to it.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain how the recent report has given further strength to growing demands for more aggressive climate action from world leaders, especially those representing the big emitters.

Body:

Explain that the latest report, on Ocean and Cryosphere, is the last in a series of three that the IPCC had been asked to produce to assess the impacts of climate change on specific themes. The first of these, examining the feasibility of restricting global rise in temperatures to within 1.5°C from pre-industrial times, was submitted in October last year.

Discuss the highlights of the report in detail.

What are the issues and challenges world is facing on climate front? And what should be done to overcome?

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:   Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5) Can India Achieve the UN Goal Of Gender Equality By 2030? What are the steps and measures that can be taken on-ground to determine the way forward?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

A report compiled by Equal Measures 2030, found that not a single country is on track to achieve gender equality by 2030; India ranked 95th out of 129 countries. Thus makes it important for us to analyse the UN goal of gender equality by 2030.

Key demand of the question:

One has to elucidate on the progress being made by India on gender equality front. Discuss the challenges and concerns associated while suggesting way forward.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief throw light on the UN goal of gender equality by 2030.

Body:

Since gender inequality constitutes one of the history’s most persistent and widespread forms of injustice, eliminating it will call for one of history’s biggest movements for change. Women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world.

Explain the Indian scenario. 

Why is gender equality important? Its relationship with development of the country?

UN Goal 5 and India – quote facts and explain the current status of India.

Discuss solutions on this front.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need for holistic and multi-pronged approach.


Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6) Artificial Intelligence is the new oil, the new factor of production. Like the industrial revolution, it will transform every sector. Elucidate with subsequent examples.(250 words)

Downtoearth

Why this question:

Technology is the key to build a thriving, resilient world, especially in India where high mobile penetration and the government’s digital initiatives can work in tandem to bring a sustainable and affordable transformation for societal needs.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss the importance of AI and in what way it is a revolution to be witnessed soon.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define AI.

Body:

Explain the evolution of AI, its significance. Discuss in what way connectivity and innovation in technology are transforming how organizations and governments operate.

With suitable examples explain how technology can aid development and help address issues of governance and turn it into good governance.

Discuss the associated concerns and challenges and in what way they can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable examples and on a positive note.


Topic:  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

7) Throw light on the significance of road development in restructuring India’s infrastructure scenario. Discuss while suggesting way forward to handle the current issues.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

Recently, After a robust FY19—the year preceding general elections—the pace of activity has slowed down. Year till date in FY20, a mere 500km of road projects have been awarded, raising doubts about NHAI’s ability to fulfil the targeted 7,000-8,000km for the year.

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the significance of road development in restructuring India’s infrastructure scenario.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate the importance of Road as a key transport infrastructure.

Body:

Discuss the significance of road infrastructure and its contributions to the development of the economy.

Explain the issues associated in road development.

How can these issues be addressed?

Suggest solutions to overcome these challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting suitable solutions and way ahead.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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