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[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27  September 2019

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General Studies – 1


Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Power dissemination in the society is usually enabled through social stratification and accumulation of power reinforces further social differentiation. Do you agree? Comment. (250 words)

Indian Society NCERT class 11 and 12

Why this question:

The question is based on the negative side of social stratification prevalent in the country even today and its relations with power distribution.

Key demand of the question:

One must discuss in detail the effect of power distribution on social stratification and in what way it ultimately leads to social differentiation.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by social stratification.

Body:

Explain that Social stratification is a particular form of social inequality. All societies arrange their members in terms of superiority, inferiority and equality. Stratification is a process of interaction or differentiation whereby some people come to rank higher than others.

Explain the factors of social stratification.

Give examples suggesting role of power distribution and its influence over social segregation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to overcome the challenge.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) How is Internet access different from digital literacy? What is the role of digital literacy? Discuss the current status of digital literacy in India.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article captures the discussion as to why the right to Internet access and digital literacy should be recognized as a right in itself.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain and differentiate the two concepts- Digital literacy and Internet access and explain in what way the two are complementary to each other while establishing the status of digital literacy in India. 

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss what is meant by internet access and digital literacy.

Body:

The question is straightforward; one has to differentiate between internet access and digital literacy. Explain the points of information literacy, digital divide and the current status of digital literacy in India in detail.

Take hints from the article and justify your answer with suitable examples wherever required.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3) The future of news hinges on the interplay of the Press and online aggregators, and survival of the offline Press Critically analyse the statement in the backdrop of coming of newer business models of news aggregation.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article explains that the business model of news aggregation has meant the slow death of newspapers. Entailed within it is the decline of hard-nosed journalism and fearless content generation that has been the credo of the newspaper industry.

Key demand of the question:

The question demands detailed analysis on urgent need to protect newspapers from the business model of news aggregation that are against the norms of Democracy. 

Directive:

Critically examineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with importance of newspapers (media) in a democracy.

Body:

Discuss the evolution of ‘News’ and its newer methods that have evolved over time.

Explain that while newspapers continue to play an important role in society, online aggregators are rapidly changing the way people consume news. Access to news is now quick, efficient, and often, personalised. Above all, it is widely considered free.

Explain what are the possible threats that press is currently facing and in what way they can be overcome.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions to the problem and discuss the way forward.


Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4) Comment on the new draft National Resource Efficiency Policy (NREP), 2019.How far does it seek to plug gaps in implementation of waste laws?(250 words)

livemint

Why this question:

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has proposed a draft National Resource Efficiency Policy 2019 which aims to streamline the efficient use of these resources with minimum negative impact on environment. 

Key demand of the question:

One must explain what resource efficiency is, and bring out the salient features of draft National Resource Efficiency Policy 2019 and its significance.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief narrate that Driven by serious sustainability concern, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change had proposed a draft National Resource Efficiency Policy 2019. 

Body:

Explain what is Resource Efficiency?

Discuss that the policy aims to streamline the efficient use of these resources with minimum negative impact on environment.

Then move on to discuss the key features of the policy.

Explain what the challenges before India are.

Discuss the strategy required.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Discuss in detail the issues and challenges involved in India’s waste Management system also explain in what way India’s Smart Cities Mission is creating new opportunities for better management of wastes.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The article explains in what way the thrust of urban solid waste management should be on household level segregation and that Lobbies are pushing for unsustainable alternatives instead. The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs should stop financing compactors under the Smart Cities Mission.

Key demand of the question:

Explain in detail the issues and challenges involved in India’s waste Management system also explain in what way India’s Smart Cities Mission is creating new opportunities for better management of wastes

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what is meant by solid waste management.

Body:

First provide for some statistics like India generates over 150,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) per day, According to the World Bank, India’s daily waste generation will reach 377,000 tonnes by 2025 etc.

Discuss the Major Techniques of Solid Waste Management in India, what are the issues and challenges in India’s waste Management system.

Explain the relevance of smart cities mission in managing the urban waste problems.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

6) Government has revived National Population Register project at a time when National Register of Citizens has been published in Assam. How are the two different? What kind of data will be collected, and why? Elucidate.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

Amidst the recent backdrop of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam excluding 19 lakh among the 3.3 crore who had applied, the resurrection of the National Population Register (NPR) project has added to the uncertainty around the idea of citizenship in the country.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain what is NPR, in what way it is similar to the NRC that was recently updated by state of Assam and the purpose of such a registration and its consequences.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define What the NPR is.

Body:

Discuss the concept of NPR in detail, differentiate it from NRC – The NPR is a list of “usual residents of the country”. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, a “usual resident of the country” is one who has been residing in a local area for at least the last six months, or intends to stay in a particular location for the next six months. Unlike the NRC, the NPR is not a citizenship enumeration drive, as it would record even a foreigner staying in a locality for more than six months.

Discuss what and why is the controversy. Throw light upon the one nation, one card initiative.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion by weighing pros and cons of such a move.


Topic:  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

7) Why is India pushing for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)? What are the impediments to joining the group for India? Examine.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Why this question:

The article discusses that China has kept India out of the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group, which controls the export of nuclear materials. The leader of the world’s second most-populous country declined to commit to a reduction in coal usage, which both he and his predecessors have said is essential to ensure electricity to millions of its citizens.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the relevance and importance of joining NSG for India and why it is crucial for India.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain what NSG is.

Body:

Explain that the NSG was created in response to India’s 1974 atomic bomb test that challenged the credibility of laws written to prohibit nuclear proliferation. While nations are free to discuss bilateral details with uranium suppliers even if they are out of the NSG, India has struggled to add nuclear generation capacity because of a range of challenges, including developers’ concerns over a liability law and local protests.

Discuss the relevance of NSG and its importance for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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