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Nuclear Suppliers Group

Topics Covered:

  1. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  2. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

 

Nuclear Suppliers Group

 

What to study?

For Prelims: NSG- key facts.

For Mains: Why India should be given NSG membership, challenges involved and what needs to be done.

 

Context: At the Bloomberg Global Business Forum in New York, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a pitch for India’s membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

 

What is NSG?

  • Brought in 1974– in response to the Indian nuclear test (smiling Buddha).
  • It is a Multilateral export control regime.
  • It is a Group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
  • The NSG first met in November 1975 in London, and is thus popularly referred to as the “London Club”.
  • It is Not a formal organization, and its guidelines are not binding. Decisions, including on membership, are made by consensus.
  • Membership: 48 supplier states.

 

Criteria for membership:

  1. Ability to supply items (including items in transit) covered by the annexes to Parts 1 and 2 of the NSG Guidelines;
  2. Adherence to the Guidelines and action in accordance with them;
  3. Enforcement of a legally based domestic export control system which gives effect to the commitment to act in accordance with the Guidelines;
  4. Full compliance with the obligations of one or more of nuclear non-proliferation agreement.
  5. Support of international efforts towards non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of their delivery vehicle.

 

Why the membership is important for India?

  1. Membership will increase India’s access to state-of-the-art technology from the other members of the Group.
  2. Access to technology and being allowed to produce nuclear equipment will give a boost to the Make in India program. That will, in turn, boost the economic growth of our country.
  3. As per India’s INDC under the Paris Climate agreement, we have committed to reducing dependence on fossil fuels and ensuring that 40% of its energy is sourced from renewable and clean sources. In order to achieve this target, we need to scale up nuclear power production. This can only happen if India gains access to the NSG.
  4. India will get an opportunity to voice it’s concern if in case of change in the provision of the NSG guidelines.

 

Other Benefits associated with NSG membership- Once admitted, an NSG member state gets:

  1. Timely information on nuclear matters.
  2. Contributes by way of information.
  3. Has confirmed credentials.
  4. Can act as an instrument of harmonization and coordination.
  5. Is part of a very transparent process.

 

Sources: the Hindu.