Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
4) What do you understand by Agro ecology? Why do Powerful lobbies with vested interests see agro ecology as a threat to their influence on farming systems? Discuss the case of Indian farming system.(250 words)
Why this question:
In a recent view that came as a surprise, the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, based on a brainstorming session that included industry representatives, sent a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi opposing Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). ZBNF developed and publicized by agro-scientist Subhash Palekar.
Key demand of the question:
One has to throw light on the fact that Powerful lobbies with vested interests see agroecology as a threat to their influence on farming systems. Thus it is important to deal with the concerns associated for the farming system to be free from these vested interests.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining the context of the question – National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, based on a brainstorming session that included industry representatives, sent a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi opposing Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF).
In short define what is meant by agroecology.
Explain the roles and functions of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS).
Discuss in what way Farming in India, as in most other countries, is largely under the control of powerful lobbies with vested interests and connections to deep pockets.
Quote examples/recent cases to substantiate your answer while explaining the concern associated.
Conclude with what can be done and suggest way forward.