Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 September 2019

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24  September 2019

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE


General Studies – 1


Topic: Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) “Buddhism was more of a social movement under the backing of a religion”. Elucidate.(250 words)

 

Why this question:

The idea behind the question is to evaluate the underlying ideologies of Buddhism. In what way it was more of a social movement rather than being simply called out as a religious movement.

Key demand of the question:

One should explain the significance of Buddhism as a social movement under the pretext of religion.

Directive:

ElucidateGive a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by Buddhism.

Body:

Explain that Buddhism is a pragmatic teaching which starts from certain fundamental propositions about how we experience the world and how we act in it. It teaches that it is possible to transcend this sorrow-laden world of our experience and is concerned first and last with ways of achieving that transcendence. By “social action” it means that there are many different kinds of action intended to benefit mankind. These range from simple individual acts of charity, teaching and training, organized kinds of service, “Right Livelihood” in and outside the helping professions, and through various kinds of community development as well as to political activity in working for a better society.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of Buddhism in throwing away the dominant Brahminical culture.


Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Do you agree that Linguistic policy should not be driven by a politics of identity? Critically analyse.(250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question:

The article discusses about how the major problem that saddles any discussion on linguistic policy in India; looking at language only as a marker of identity.

Key demand of the question:

One has to present arguments for and against the language always being looked upon in the country as a marker of identity.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define the context, why the whole thing is in news.

Body:

Explain the significance of language in general.

Discuss why a country should have a common language? What should be the criteria? What is the scenario in India?

Explain why language is often linked with identity politics. Elucidate on that.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what can be the possible solution to such a problem.


General Studies – 2


Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

3) The debate on the working of the collegium of judges, especially on the issue of transfers in the judiciary, has yet come around again. Critically analyse.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question:

The article describes in detail the recent happenings concerning the issue of transfer of Judges by the collegium.

Key demand of the question:

One has to critically analyse the decision of the collegium with regards to the recent transfers made by it and evaluate such a move.

Directive:

Critically analyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief explain the scenario.

Body:

The recent controversy over the transfer of the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, Justice Vijaya Kamlesh Tahilramani, to the Meghalaya High Court has once again brought to the fore a longstanding debate on the functioning of the ‘collegium’ of judges that makes appointments and transfers in the higher judiciary.

Explain what constitutes a collegium? What are the debates around it.

What is the procedure followed by the collegium?

Discuss the right to recommend transfers of the collegium.

Explain the criticisms.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4) Discuss the importance of reviving and managing indigenous species and agricultural practices in India. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question:

The question aims to analyse the importance of reviving and managing indigenous species and agricultural practices in India amidst rising use of HYV seeds, chemical inputs etc. that have been eroding the soil fertility and leading to unsustainable agriculture.

Key demand of the question:

The question is straight forward and aims to analyse the importance of reviving and managing indigenous species and agricultural practices in India.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief quote data suggesting current unsustainable agriculture practices.

Body:

Explain what are the practices available for reviving and managing indigenous species and agricultural practices in India.

Discuss the pros and cons.

List out the benefits ranging from – ecological, socio-economic etc.

Suggest policies by the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


Topic:   Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

5) With funding from developed nations barely a trickle, India and other developing nations must take hard calls on growth vis-a-vis climate change action. Discuss.(250 words)

Financialexpress

Why this question:

The article details upon the climate call made by India ahead of United Nations Climate Action Summit. It also discusses the discussion paper titled Climate Summit for Enhanced Action: A Financial Perspective from India released by the government of India.

Key demand of the question:

One has to explain the need for reinvented funding mechanisms to deal with climate change action.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief discuss the context of the funding mechanisms presently in action for dealing with climate change.

Body:

Explain that with funding from developed nations barely a trickle, India and other developing nations must take hard calls on growth vis-a-vis climate change action. India, thus, has said that it will ‘suitably recalibrate’ its action only after the global stock-take of progress under the Paris Agreement takes place in 2023. While global climate negotiations have focused on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, and countries’ respective capabilities—this acknowledges the fact that developed countries have shrunk the emissions budget for developing nations—the fact is that developed nations gave just $38 billion in climate finance in 2016, against the $100 billion a year by 2020 that had been agreed to in the 2009 climate negotiations. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with Unless developing nations force their developed counterparts to change course, the climate agenda would fail, with devastating consequences for all.


General Studies – 4


Topic:  Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

6) Can an individual without devotion to public service be an efficacious civil servant? What if he/ she considers the civil services yet another ‘job’? Comment.(250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon Publications

Key demand of the question:

One has to discuss the essence of devotion towards public services and in what way it is important for civil servants to be dedicated towards there services.

Directive:

Commenthere we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining importance of dedication to service in any walk of life.

Body:

Discuss the following – 

Explain in what way dedication to service is related to efficacy of the service.

Discuss the importance of dedication in any aspect of work culture.

Quote suitable examples and justify your stand.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion and reassert the significance of Dedication in public services.


Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.

7) Examine the relevance of the attributes of empathy and tolerance to the decision making abilities of a civil servant. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question examines the importance of empathy and tolerance.

Key demand of the question:

Discuss the the relevance of the attributes of empathy and tolerance to the decision making abilities of a civil servant.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In brief define the values of empathy and tolerance. 

Body:

Explain that Impartiality, fairness, efficiency, and effectiveness in the Public service depend on objectivity in personnel decisions. This means that Public servants must have the ability​ ​to​ ​understand​ ​someone​ ​else’s​ ​experience​ ​of​ ​humanity and​ ​use​ ​that​ ​understanding​ ​to​ ​guide​ ​their decisions and actions. Among many others, empathy and tolerance are foundational values that affect the decision making to a large extent.

How does it affect the decision making?

How can these values be inculcated? 

Conclusion:

With values like tolerance, compassion, empathy, honesty etc. a country as diverse as India (politically, religiously, economically) can function at its best and significance of these values is more so for a civil servant, as they make numerous decisions that impact thousands of lives.



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.