Topic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5) “The Indian Ocean is one of the fingerprints of global warming”, critically examine the statement with suitable justifications. (250 words)
Why this question:
A key question for climate scientists in recent years has been whether the Atlantic Ocean’s main circulation system is slowing down, a development that could have dramatic consequences for Europe and other parts of the Atlantic rim. But a new study suggests help may be on the way from an unexpected source – the Indian Ocean.
Key demand of the question:
Explain in what way the Indian Ocean is one of the fingerprints of global warming.
Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer:
In brief explain the significance of Indian ocean in understanding the changing global weather patterns.
First explain how Indian ocean can effect or have consequences of global weather patterns.
Explain Atlantic Meridional overturning circulation and how Indian ocean affects it.
Discus in what way the Indian ocean is an indicator of global warming.
Conclude that Warming of the Indian Ocean is considered one of the most robust aspects of global warming and thus it is essential to understand and acknowledge the significance of the same.