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7) Some feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others firmly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification. (250 words)

Topic: Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

7) Some feel that values keep changing with time and situation, while others firmly believe that there are certain universal and eternal human values. Give your perception in this regard with due justification. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question is intended to ascertain if values are a constant, universal thing or they change with time.

Key demand of the question:

One should discuss how and why values can change and that though they are sometimes universal the time factor adds its flavor and results in changing perspectives of values.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what you understand by values.

Body:

Discuss what constitutes values in an individual’s life.

Values – They are the qualities and ideas that help guide our behaviour and define who we are. Our values come from our beliefs, and are formed by various means. Some examples of values are- achievement, bravery, carefulness, challenge, compassion, generosity, honesty, humor, kindness, knowledge, open-mindedness, perseverance, respect, self-control, etc.

Explain why and how values change?  Factors responsible.

Conclusion:

Conclude that basic values do get wear and tear when they get accustomed to the external world. With the influence of the external world, the values do get altered from time-to-time. The individual might take up few more things that sounds good to his senses. Repeated strokes of the rope might make mark on the hard stone. Similarly a long standing influence might alter the values of the individual drastically, changing him totally upside down to his basic instincts of life.