Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1) The World Population Prospects 2019 finds that India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has declined from 5.9 in early Sixties to 2.4 to 2010-15, Discuss the factors responsible to such a decline and the outcome of it.(250 words)
Why this question:
Since 2018, India’s working-age population (people between 15 and 64 years of age) has grown larger than the dependent population — children aged 14 or below as well as people above 65 years of age. This bulge in the working-age population is going to last till 2055, or 37 years from its beginning.
Key demand of the question:
One must discuss the factors responsible for such a scenario in the population numbers of the country and explain the possible consequences along with way forward.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
In brief bring out the recent findings of the World Population Prospects 2019.
The question is more or less straightforward. One has to elaborate on the fact that Policy-making in India has in recent decades been generally neutral to data and research. However, in matters of demography, particularly while prescribing strong punitive measures for having large families, decisions must be taken based on rigorous analysis of the data to avoid a China type crisis.
Conclude by suggesting solutions and methods to overcome the situation.